Explanation Of Sputum Test Results?
I want to ask TCM test results are positive MTB, rifampicin sensitive. what does that mean? thank you
Good afternoon Frisk, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
TCM / gene Xpert test results in positive MTB and sensitive rifampicin mean that your sputum contains Micobacterium tuberculosis, so that the diagnosis of tuberculosis is bacteriologically confirmed; and Rifampicin as one of the main antibiotic therapies of sensitive tuberculosis (can have a good effect / can effectively kill the bacteria Micobacterium tuberculosis) in your body.
It is recommended that you return to the doctor who sent you for the TCM test, for a definitive diagnosis and to be given first-line tuberculosis treatment if the tuberculosis diagnosis has been established. This tuberculosis drug is a government program drug, so it can be obtained free of charge. You should drink according to the rules without passing a day, because if you break up the drug, the possibility of drug resistance (not effective against the bacteria that cause tuberculosis) is very high, and if it is resistant treatment must be done with the second line (longer and more side effects ). The doctor may give other medicines such as liver protectors, vitamins and medications that reduce symptoms.
The drug program is run for 6 months, where the initial 2 months are an intensive phase and the remaining 4 months are a follow-up phase. Generally you will be given medicine per month and asked for control to take the next medicine. Evaluation of phlegm, x-rays, and side effects of drugs is generally carried out in the 2nd, 5th and 6th month (depending on the health service policy you go to). These drugs generally make the urine color slightly orange, but don't worry, this is a fairly frequent and harmless side effect. Other side effects that you feel you should mention during control, so that the doctor can give additional consideration, or can consult a specialist in internal medicine if the symptoms of side effects that you feel are severe.
In addition to being obedient to medicine, it is recommended that you wear a mask, get enough nutrition, don't spit and cough carelessly, try to ventilate and house windows to make enough sun to enter the house. If there is a family member who lives at home who has a cough> 3 weeks, fever for no apparent reason> 2 weeks immediately take it to the doctor for further evaluation. If there are children who live in the same house as you, consult your pediatrician for evaluation and treatment (for example prophylactic / preventive antibiotics), especially in infants, make sure the baby has received bCG vaccination (on schedule).
All of our suggestions and answers, hopefully useful, good afternoon.