Explanation Of Syphilis Screening Results?
My medical results DRH VDRL 1/1 DRH TPHA 1/1 What does that mean? Why should I get injected VDRL MKSDNY how about it?
Hello M N Fann, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Let me introduce myself, Dr. Rio will try to answer your question.
Syphilis is a disease caused by bacterial infection of Treponema pallidum which is most often transmitted through sexual contact. Syphilis screening tests require blood samples taken from veins in the arms. VDRL and TPHA examinations are laboratory tests conducted to determine whether someone is infected with Treponema pallidum which causes syphilis or commonly known as rajasinga.
VDRL (venereal disease research laboratory) is a test used to determine whether someone is infected with syphilis or not. VDRL examination is the most common examination to detect the appearance of antibodies against the bacterium Treponema pallidum. VDRL examination is recommended by doctor if someone has symptoms of syphilis or is at high risk of developing syphilis. VDRL examination by measuring antibodies (IgG and IgM) produced by the body due to cell damage caused by bacteria. Sometimes to conclude the accuracy of this examination there is no need for signs and symptoms that are typical of the disease. VDRL is suitable for use as a screening test (screening) and can also be used to see the response of syphilis treatment.
TPHA (Treponema pallidum Hemagglutination) is a serological test used to detect antibodies to the bacterium Treponema pallidum. TPHA is suitable as a confirmation test for suspected syphilis infections because it is specific. TPHA is a serological examination for syphilis and is less sensitive when used as screening (early / primary stage) for syphilis.
Usually VDRL can still be detected in the body up to 6-24 months after syphilis treatment is complete before it later turns negative. Meanwhile, TPHA will remain positive for life even though treatment has finished, as a sign that a person has been infected with syphilis.
For the results of the examination, it must be based on the reference value from the laboratory that examined it. Usually said to be positive if in the VDRL and TPHA examination said to be "reactive". From the results of the examination you mentioned are still not specific. If the two tests are said to be reactive, it means you have syphilis. And you should consult a dermatologist and a specialist for further treatment. Right now what you can do is:
Avoid having sex with a partner until treatment is said to be complete.
Avoid risky actions that can cause the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
Screening for other sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV.
Maintain a clean and healthy lifestyle.
That's all the answers I can give.
Thank you :)