Explanation Of The Results Of Blood Tests To Detect HIV?
Good evening … I want to ask on 28 February I had a risky unprotected relationship with a female sex worker, on 2 March I did an Elfa Antibody HIV blood check in the Para Paraa laboratory with non-reactive results: 0.03. Date 4 March I did an anti-HIV blood check at a hospital with a CVT clinic, the results were non-reactive, and early July I was asked to do a re-check at the CVT clinic. From the 28th until now I have not had contact with my official partner or outside, because I am worried. My question is, is the laboratory results above non-reactive safe for me to have contact with my official partner without security? The problem was I asked the counselor at the CVT clinic that I was clean and safe to have contact with my official partner without security. My second question, what is the difference in the Elfa HIV antibody examination in the Para *** ta laboratory and the examination conducted at the hospital in the clinic The CVT? Thanks in advance for your help
Hello Jhon11, Thank you for the question.
Blood tests are indeed the only way to find out whether someone is infected with HIV or not. Taking risky actions with unprotected sex is indeed one of the risk factors for contracting HIV. Blood tests can be done in the form of:
antibody test, which is a blood test to detect antibodies (immune substances produced by the immune system) in the blood that are formed when an infection occurs. It takes 3-12 weeks for this test to detect antigen test antibodies, which are blood tests to detect p24 antigens / protein particles on the surface of the virus, which can be done 2-6 weeks after exposure to infection. ELFA examination is an HIV test aimed at detecting antibodies and antigen. If the examination is done too closely (2 days and 4 days after intercourse), this examination cannot accurately ascertain whether you have HIV infection or not. It takes at least 6 weeks for this ELFA examination to detect the p24 antigen mentioned above. If the results of this first examination are negative, you are recommended to repeat this examination at 12 weeks / 3 months after exposure. If the results of the repeat examination at 3 months also show non-reactive or negative results, then you can only be sure that you are not infected with HIV if during this time you have not taken any risky actions. Therefore, at this time, you are not recommended to have unprotected sex with anyone until a repeat examination shows a non-reactive / negative result.
As mentioned earlier, blood tests to detect HIV can detect antibodies or antigens. The examination conducted at the VCT (voluntary counseling and testing) service can be the same examination that you do or different but both can find out if you are infected with HIV.
Hopefully this information is useful.