Explanation Of The Results Of The HIV AIDS Test?
Hi I want to ask about HIV, if we do risky activities then within 3 months the routine blood check in the laboratory and white blood cells (lymphosite) are still normal. Has it been stated that we are not infected with HIV without a VCT test? Then what’s the difference between the VCT test and the HIV test in DNA? Thank you
Thank you for the question on HealthReplies.com,
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that causes a condition of lack of immunity / immunodeficiency due to viruses that attack immune cells such as CD4 in the body. A lower CD4 cell count will make the body more vulnerable to disease.
Please note that VCT (Voluntary Counseling and Testing) is a term for the voluntary method of someone who is at risk of contracting HIV for consultation, counseling, and testing for the presence of the HIV virus in the body. So the tests carried out on VCT and tests for HIV become something similar.
To ensure the condition of HIV infection in a person, a HIV-related screening or laboratory examination must be carried out. Screening for HIV is done by taking blood and examining the presence of antigens and antibodies against HIV. If it turns out that HIV screening is positive, various follow-up tests can be carried out, including:
CD4 cell count. Done to find out the number of immune cells in the body that are being targeted by HIV.
Neutral load calculation. Done to find out the number of HIV cells in the body.
Drug resistance testing. This is done to find out the virus's immunity to certain drugs, if any, so that other treatment modalities can be considered.
In the case of taking a risky action or exposure to a high risk environment for HIV, it is advisable to keep coming to the VCT polyclinic to do an examination and find out the current condition of HIV infection in your body. Avoid using or carrying out treatment without consultation and doctor's instructions.
Hopefully this information helps you,