Explanation Of The Results Of The Pap Smear Examination?
The Pap smear is a medical examination that aims to see any abnormal cell changes in the cervix (cervix). This examination is done as a cervical cancer screening. Pap smear examination is recommended for women over 21 years of age, who have had sexual relations until women aged 65 years. If the results are normal, routine checks should be carried out every 3 years. If under certain conditions it can be done more often. The examination is usually carried out by an obstetrician by inserting an iron device such as a duck's tail into the vagina to be able to visualize the cervix, then using a stick with a special tip then rubbing the mouth area and the cervix to be examined using certain dyes to see the condition of the cells. the cell.
On the results of your examination, the following is the interpretation:
The ectocervix consists of a large number of superficial cells, a large number of intermediate cells, and no parabasal cells are found. Ectocervix preparations are from the outer wall of the cervix / cervix / portio, superficial and intermediate cells are the normal types of cells found, while parabasal cells are usually found in women who have just given birth, are breastfeeding, or in conditions of cervical atrophy.
Endocervical cells appear thoracic cells clustered to form a honeycomb appearance. The preparations come from the inside of the cervix, thoracic cells are normal cells that compose the endocervix together to form a honeycom appearance (normal picture).
The bacteria found are bacillus types. PMN inflammatory cells and lymphocyte inflammatory cells multiply. Bacillus bacteria are normal bacteria that are in the vagina and its surroundings. PMN inflammatory cells (polymorphonuclear) in large numbers can be found in the inflamed cervix, during pregnancy, nearing menstruation. Lymphocyte cells are very much indicating a chronic / prolonged inflammation of the cervix.
Thricomonas vaginalis and monilia were not found. Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasite that causes the sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis. Symptoms are greenish yellow discharge with a fishy smell, pain when urinating, lower abdominal pain, pain during sexual intercourse. Monilia is a candida or fungus that can also cause sexually transmitted diseases with symptoms of white, lumpy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, itching and redness of the genitals, pain when urinating. On your examination, both were not found, which means normal.
Conclusion: non specific chronic cervicitis. This means that there is old inflammation of the cervix whose cause cannot be determined, because there are no germs that might cause this inflammation on your pap smear preparations.
In this condition, doctors usually recommend a repeat pap smear 1 year later or earlier. We recommend that you return to the control of a gynecologist. If necessary, the doctor will order other tests such as an HPV test (from cervical preparations), colposcopy, or a biopsy.
That's all the explanation from me, hope it helps.
Dr. Saphira Evani