Feeding For Post-stroke Patients
What is the eating therapy carried out by OT in post stroke patients?
Thank you for the question.
Stroke is a neurological deficit that can occur due to rupture or blockage of blood vessels in the brain. Stroke sufferers often experience eating disorders, namely due to difficulty chewing and swallowing food, side effects of treatment, also due to mental stress that he felt because of his own illness. Therefore, good food management is very important function in helping to optimize the healing of stroke sufferers. With good eating management, in addition to recovery can be faster, the potential for recurrent strokes can be minimized.
Food management in stroke patients is often carried out primarily under supervision by a nutritionist. As for what procedures are applied, the answer can vary greatly depending on the type of stroke experienced, the cause of the stroke, the patient's current physical condition, and many other factors.
In general, to speed up recovery, stroke patients need to:
Increase eating foods that are rich in antioxidants, folic acid, fiber, and good fats
Limit eating foods that contain saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, salt, flavoring, gas, caffeine
If the patient has diabetes, also limit the consumption of foods containing simple sugars
If there are still difficulties in chewing and swallowing food, prioritize consuming foods that have soft textures
Eat small portions but often (3-5 hours)
As for what the details of meal management are for stroke patients, considering that it can vary greatly depending on many of the factors above, you better consult directly with your doctor, neurologist, or nutritionist who treats the patient ...
I hope this helps.