Food Taboos For People With Cholesterol And Hypertension?

Illustration of Food Taboos For People With Cholesterol And Hypertension?
Illustration: Food Taboos For People With Cholesterol And Hypertension? Bing

at Morning Beautiful and Handsome Doctor….rnLet me ask you another question…..rnDon’t be bored to answer my questions, sorry….rnOkay….r nThe doctor wants to ask….rnAre people who have experienced high blood pressure 160/90 and cholesterol 246 …in December 2017 last year and now it’s normal….rnCan they eat meat? , Noodles ( not instant noodles ), greasy ones…rnAnd what doctors need to avoid,rnThank you…

1 Answer:

Hello, good evening.

High blood pressure, or in medical terms referred to as hypertension, is an increased pressure in the walls of the arteries. Normal blood pressure is below 120 (systolic) per 80 (diastolic). Things that trigger hypertension include old age, heredity, excess weight, consumption of foods or drinks high in sodium, lack of exercise, and so on. Certain diseases can also cause hypertension, including diabetes, high blood cholesterol levels, kidney disease, and others.

Hypercholesterolemia is a condition where all cholesterol levels in the blood increase above normal levels. Normal cholesterol levels include (depending on the reference used by each lab):

Total cholesterol: below 200 mg/dL Triglycerides: below 200 mg/dL (below 150 mg/dL for people with diabetes) LDL: below 130 mg/dL (below 100 mg/dL for people with diabetes) HDL (good cholesterol): above 40 mg/dL Complications of high blood pressure and cholesterol include heart attack, coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney disease, eye disease, and so on. For this reason, for people with hypertension and high cholesterol, there are various ways to maintain blood pressure, apart from using anti-hypertensive drugs. These methods include:

exercise regularly, 5 times a week. The exercise is carried out according to the body's capacity. It can be jogging, leisurely cycling, brisk walking, etc. get enough rest and avoid stress maintain an ideal body weight consume foods that are high in anti-oxidants, such as fruits (apples, kiwi, dragon fruit, etc.), and vegetables (tomatoes, broccoli, garlic, etc.) , namely foods that contain high salt (salty), such as salted fish, chili sauces that use a lot of salt, crackers, chips, etc. Avoid foods that are high in cholesterol, such as offal, egg yolks, fried foods, coconut milk foods, avoid caffeine and alcoholic beverages quit smoking Regarding consuming meat, of course it does not absolutely have to be stopped, because after all the body still needs protein, one of which is found in meat. However, eat meat within normal limits. The content that must be avoided from instant noodles is the seasoning, because the seasoning contains high sodium. If you only eat noodles, without using seasonings or salt that is high in sodium, then it is allowed. Oily foods should be avoided, because oil contains fats that can form cholesterol, which can cause blood cholesterol to increase and further increase blood pressure. You can try to reduce your consumption of fried foods and try switching to boiled or steamed foods, or use less oil when frying foods and strain the oil before consuming.

You can consult a nutritionist (can be at a nutritionist's clinic or at a nutrition clinic at the puskesmas) about the allowed food menu and the dosage. Your dietitian will calculate the number of calories you are allowed to take based on your weight, daily activities, and special conditions (such as certain illnesses). After the calculation of the allowed calories has been obtained, the nutritionist will convert them into food menus according to the calculated calories.

Hope it helps.

Regards, dr. Denisa

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