Handling And Food For Glandular TB Sufferers?
Hello Doctor …
Hello Mawar good afternoon, thanks for the question
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis which can attack various organs. Based on its location, tuberculosis can be classified into pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis can occur in various organs such as lymph nodes, pleural membranes, meningen membranes, abdominal organs, skin, spine, joints, urinary tract, and so on.
The most frequent manifestation of extrapulmonary one is TB lymphadenitis, which is TB that attacks the lymph nodes. In TB lymphadenitis the main symptom is a lump in the neck can be more than one fruit, the size of a marble, palpated close together, and can feel painful. Other common complaints are weakness, fever, cough, and weight loss. The number of enlarged lymph nodes depends on the number of TB germs that infect. Generally it can also enlarge to form a type of boil.
Factors that influence the likelihood of someone becoming a TB patient are low endurance, including due to HIV / AIDS infection and malnutrition (poor nutrition). The diagnosis of TB lymphadenitis is based on examination of the lymphatic tissue involved. Tissue examination can be done through a biopsy procedure or tissue aspiration using a fine needle. If a typical picture of tuberculosis is obtained, treatment is immediately started using a TB drug regimen according to a government program. The initial stage of TB treatment will greatly help reduce clinical symptoms and reduce the risk of TB transmission. Along with overcoming the infection during treatment, the infected lymph nodes will get smaller.
The duration of treatment is 6-12 months depending on the clinical response to the treatment given. During the treatment period is carried out regular monitoring considering the side effects of the drug may occur. If you are currently experiencing similar symptoms you should pass an examination with a doctor.
Enlargement of lymph nodes is not always caused by TB infection, but it should be suspected from the beginning to find these complaints given that Indonesia is a country with a very high TB incidence in the world.
Regarding food, actually nothing is prohibited. Because TB is a contagious disease it avoids the risk of contracting it as much as possible. Because TB germs are spread through the saliva sprinkles of the sufferer in the air, then wear a mask if there is a person who has a long cough, treat the closest people indicated to have TB, create good air ventilation at home, and consumption of nutritious food to increase the body's resistance against germ infection.
So, I hope you can help