Handling Excessive Fear?
Good evening, doctor. I have a fear of a scary thing. When I hear someone dies, I immediately get scared and feel sad about him. I don’t really know him. Even when my cat died I felt very sad even for days and since then I was a little afraid of cats. I was afraid to go to the kitchen alone and I was also afraid when I saw emotion and angry. My family was also less harmonious. I felt I was scared when Kaka was angry and hit me because from my childhood I was treated unfavorably by my brother and my friends. In fact, I even thought about committing suicide. I also had twice run away from home because I felt I could not stand staying at home. Am I experiencing psychological disorders? Thank you
Hello Klara Tunggal Devi,
Fear and anxiety are human's normal psychological responses to things, objects, and situations. But excessive fear and excessive anxiety is an abnormal thing, especially if it makes a person unable to move normally, tends to avoid the situation, causing disruption to work and social interaction.
Mental (psychological) disorders can involve disturbances in emotions, thought content, behavior, and can be characterized by the following symptoms:
Prolonged sad feelings Hallucinations Delusions - wrong beliefs that are difficult to break Compulsive behavior Ideas for self-harm or suicide Eating disorders Eating disorders Sleep disorders and so on There are many kinds of mental disorders. A person can experience one type of mental disorder or several types at once. Some types of mental disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, phobias, addiction, and many more. To diagnose a mental disorder, the doctor needs to make a complete history taking of someone. The doctor needs to ask what symptoms are experienced by the patient, how long the symptoms appear and the frequency of symptoms, factors that aggravate and trigger the appearance of symptoms, what treatment has been done by the patient, history of the patient's disease (including mental disorders).
Mental disorders can arise due to biological factors (organic mental disorders) and also environmental factors such as trauma from events in the past, pressure from people around, low self-esteem, unable to adjust to the environment. Some patients who suffer from mental disorders still have good insight, meaning that he feels himself sick and can still seek medical help. However, there are also patients with poor insights, so they no longer feel that they have problems and are immersed in their wrong beliefs. In such patient conditions the role of the family is needed to bring the patient to a doctor.
Mental disorders can be cured. Please consult with a psychiatrist to get the right diagnosis and the appropriate therapy. Therapy for mental disorders includes the administration of medicines and also psychotherapy. Support from family and close friends can also help the patient's healing process. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.