Handling Of Hiccups, Spit Up And Vomiting?
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Hiccups are diaphragmatic muscle contractions that occur suddenly, can occur spontaneously or due to the influence of food. Hiccups in babies are generally normal, and can subside with time. Besides food, the effect of temperature and activity / function of the baby's muscles that are not functioning properly can also trigger hiccups in babies. So it is not uncommon to find many babies who often experience hiccups, even though they are not drinking milk. Things to worry about if hiccups last so badly that it makes it difficult for children to breastfeed / drink milk from a bottle, disrupt sleep and make him fussy.
You need to know that your baby's milk or milk needs depends on the capacity of the baby's stomach. In newborns (0-3 days), the size of the stomach is only as big as marbles so the need for milk or milk is generally not too much (5-10 ml), but babies will often cry because they are hungry due to rapid absorption of breast milk so that the stomach will often be empty. The volume of the stomach of the baby will increase over time ie 45 - 60 ml at the age of 1 week and continue to increase to 150 ml at the age of 1 month. Because of this reason the baby will often spit up or vomit, if the stomach is full.
Spit up is a condition of fluid reflux from the stomach to the throat that is released through the mouth. This condition is generally a natural occurrence in infants up to 6 months of age and will decrease in frequency over time. In addition to the limited capacity of the baby's stomach, the esophagus muscles bordering the stomach also do not function properly and are not yet strong so that the fluid easily rises to the top. Besides drinking too much milk, when belching and swallowing too much air crying can also trigger spit up.
While vomiting in infants is partly considered normal if no other conditions are found and does not take place continuously. Vomiting is related to the deliberate muscular effort to excrete bowels. Factors that cause vomiting can be caused by Gastroesophageal reflux / GERD, respiratory infections, gastrointestinal infections, allergies, ear infections, etc.
As a new parent, it's only natural that you are worried about your baby's condition. However, please note that spit up and vomiting is a normal condition that occurs in most babies under the age of 1 year if no other significant abnormalities are found. Too much milk can trigger this to happen. So know your baby's stomach capacity so that you are not too excessive to give milk. Although the baby's stomach is still quite small, the absorption of milk is fast enough so that it gives milk every 2-3 hours.
So that the baby does not experience spit up and vomiting, the following suggestions you can do:
Breastfeeding in the right position, look at the attachment of the baby's lips and breasts. When using a bottle of milk, give a volume of milk that matches the capacity of the baby's stomach. After breastfeeding, help your baby to burp by positioning the head higher or by holding him upright. once Avoid the use of octopus that is too tight and too tight swaddings Give comfortable clothes, without giving octopus Avoid using baby diapers too tight In addition, monitor the development and growth of the baby by weighing his body weight and length regularly. As long as your baby gains weight and length according to his age, then you don't need to worry about your baby's condition.
Things to note if the baby vomits yellowish, greenish or reddish, continuous vomiting, weight gain is difficult to rise, the baby does not want to suckle, the baby is difficult to breathe / breathe faster (more than 60x / minute) and looks crowded, often fussy and accompanied by fever.
If necessary, consult with your nearest pediatrician to get more complete and relevant information.
Thus the information that I can convey, hopefully it helps