Handling Of Psoriasis?
Good night, I want to ask my sister with psoriasis on the head and legs, can it heal?
Hello Mega Chyntia,
Psoriasis is a skin disease characterized by a very rapid cycle of skin regeneration. As a result, extra skin continues to form on the surface of the skin which continues to thicken. Psoriasis is a chronic disease and can be suffered by patients for life. Psoriasis is thought to occur due to autoimmune disorders, so the body's immune system (especially T lymphocytes) attacks the skin which then stimulates the skin to continue to regenerate. Psoriasis is not contagious.
Symptoms of psoriasis include:
Embossed plaque-shaped skin lesions covered by thick, silvery-white scales
The size of psoriatic skin lesions varies from small to large areas. Often found in extensor areas such as elbows, heads, nails
The skin in palpable lesions is very dry and bleeds easily
Itching or burning sensation in psoriasis skin lesions
Psoriatic arthritis: swelling in the joints and stiffness in the joints
The symptoms of psoriasis can worsen if there is an infection, there are sores on the skin, sunburn, stress, smoking, vitamin D deficiency. The diagnosis of psoriasis is obtained from physical examination and biopsy of skin tissue. Investigations such as kidney function also need to be done before starting systemic treatment.
Psoriasis cannot heal completely, there are times when symptoms are very minimal and there are also times when flares occur where more and more extensive and extensive skin lesions are accompanied by severe symptoms. The goal of psoriasis treatment is to slow down the regeneration of skin cells and reduce the symptoms felt by the patient so that the patient's quality of life remains good. Psoriasis therapy is divided into 3 types namely:
Topical therapy (drugs applied to the skin)
Vitamin D analogues
Topical salicyl acid
Topical calciumine, for example tacrolimus
Emollients or moisturizers that are applied as often as possible to psoriasis lesions
Artificial ultraviolet light therapy, excimer laser therapy
Systemic treatment: isotretinoin, methotrexate, cyclosporin
For psoriasis cases, you should consult further with a dermatologist. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.