Hasn’t It Been Immunized Since A 2-year-old Child Can I Continue?
Hello, my child is 2 years old and hasn’t immunized yet, now it’s been 2 years and 4 months. Are you still immunizing again?
Immunization is a process to make the body immune to a disease. One of the ways to immunize is vaccination. The vaccine given will stimulate the formation of immunity - antibodies against a certain type of disease according to certain types of vaccines. It takes a certain amount of time for the body's immunity to form fully after the vaccine is given. Immunity that is formed in the body will protect the patient, so that if one is infected by certain diseases (which have been given via vaccine) the patient will not become sick or if he becomes ill - symptoms that arise are not severe.
The Indonesian government has created a basic immunization program for children. The basic immunization schedule is as follows:
Age of 0 months: vaccination hepatitis B
Age 1 month: BCG and polio vaccines
Ages 2 months: DPT, hepatitis B, HiB, and polio vaccines
Age 3 months: DPT, hepatitis B, HiB, and polio vaccines
Age 4 months: DPT, hepatitis B, HiB, and polio vaccines
Age of 9 months: measles vaccine / MR
Ages 18-24 months: DPT, hepatitis B, HiB, and measles / MR vaccines
6-7 years old or 1st grade elementary school: measles vaccine and DT 1 dose
Grades 2 and 5 SD / equivalent: 1 dose Td vaccine
Beyond basic vaccines in the government immunization program, there are other vaccines that can also be given to children, depending on risk factors, history of exposure, or plans to travel to certain regions or countries. Vaccines are given at certain ages because based on medical research provides the best benefits and immunity thereafter. There is no specific date but usually an age range.
At the age of 2-3 years, based on IDAI (Indonesian Pediatrician Association) several vaccines such as influenza, typhoid vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, varicella vaccine can be given if there are indications. Other vaccines such as the Japanese encephalitis vaccine can be given if you live in an endemic area. Regarding the additional vaccinations, you can consult with a pediatrician, whether the child needs or not.
Check vaccination books or children's growth books for missing basic immunization schedules. Missing immunizations can be injected at certain times as a vaccination patch-up. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.