High Blood Pressure And A Gap In The Right And Left Atrium Of The Heart?

Illustration of High Blood Pressure And A Gap In The Right And Left Atrium Of The Heart?
Illustration: High Blood Pressure And A Gap In The Right And Left Atrium Of The Heart? prenate.com

I’m a 26 year old unmarried woman. Today I visited the doctor and I had a blood pressure check. The result is 130/80 whether this is classified as normal or not. But I often experience things like, when I get up from sitting down, my eyes get dark for a moment. And when I get out of bed it is often dark for a moment. I have also echoed the heart, and the result I have a gap between my left and right atrium, the doctor said it was a birth defect. Does this have anything to do with my tension?

1 Answer:

Hainadyachan,

Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.

According to the latest AHA (American Heart Association) guidelines, blood pressure that reaches 130/80 mmHg or more can be classified as hypertension (high blood pressure). However, to get an objective blood pressure measurement, you need to undergo at least 3 tests, namely at rest and after you finish your activities.

Therefore, it is necessary to clarify first, how many times have you checked your blood pressure? Is it done at rest or after activity? Are the results always the same?

Hypertension can happen to anyone, including people who are still young. In most cases, the trigger of hypertension is not clearly known (primary hypertension). However, hypertension can also arise because it is triggered by disorders of the kidneys, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, side effects of drugs (for example birth control pills, decongestants), alcohol consumption, and so on.

The existence of a gap between the right and left atrium in the medical realm is called an atrial septal defect (ASD). This condition causes the mixing of oxygen-rich blood in the left atrium with oxygen-poor blood in the right atrium. This mixed blood will then be pumped to the lungs. If the size of this gap is large enough, the increased volume of blood to the right atrium can settle into the lungs and cause the right side of the heart to swell and weaken. This condition can cause an increase in blood pressure in the lungs, resulting in pulmonary hypertension.

Furthermore, ASD can also make the heart work harder, including in adapting to sudden changes in position, for example when you get up from lying down or sitting to standing. This is what can cause your vision to darken for a moment. It could also, you will experience dizziness, lightheadedness, palpitations, shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue, and even loss of consciousness.

A thorough examination by a doctor, especially an internal medicine specialist or a heart specialist is required to assess your condition, whether it is purely related to heart defects or is there other factors that aggravate it.

Therefore, you should see your doctor right away. Your doctor can recommend that you undergo a thorough examination, not only echocardiogram, but also X-rays, electrocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, and so on. Treatment will be adjusted to the severity of your condition.

In the meantime, you should first do the following:

Be diligent in exercising, for example jogging, brisk walking, aerobic exercise Increase endurance to prevent infection, namely by eating healthy foods and getting adequate rest --- ASD sufferers are more at risk of infectious endocarditis Active movement, don't be too silent Avoid smoking Avoid changing positions the body is too sudden, for example when getting up from sleep or sitting to standing Do not lift things that are too heavy. Eat healthy foods, increase in vegetables, fruit, and nuts, limit saturated fats, trans fats, salt, and cholesterol. Hope this helps. .

dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah

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