Good morning, I would like to ask you about HIV antibodies and a rapid test, if someone has a damaged antibody / AIDS, then do a rapid test, can this method be detected, considering the rapid test only looks for the presence of HIV antibodies .. Please enlighten me!
Good evening, thanks for asking at HealthReplies.com. HIV / AIDS is a disease that is transmitted through blood, sperm, vaginal fluids, semen and breast milk. This disease has attracted the attention of many people because of its effects which can lead to death, and the fact that so far there is no cure that can cure a person from this disease.
Regarding your question, first we need to know that to protect itself from various sources of disease in the environment, the body needs the immune system. This immune system takes many forms. One of the most outermost immune systems is the skin. Even though it is not hard and elastic, many bacteria and viruses eventually cannot infect the body because they are unable to penetrate the skin. After the skin, then there are various mucus, fine hairs along the respiratory tract, and reflexes such as coughing, sneezing and vomiting, to remove foreign objects that the body does not recognize.
If anyone is able to get away from it all, the immune system in the form of cells will be the next responsible for dealing with the problem. The immune system in the form of these cells has various types and names, some are called macrophages, some are called neutrophils, NK cells, CD4, CD8, antibodies and many more.
The HIV virus, attacks the specific immune system in the body called CD4. Not only attacked, this virus even uses CD4 to make more HIV virus. This condition causes a person to have low immunity and makes him more susceptible to disease, more severe, as well as more difficult to heal, but there is still another immune system, namely antibodies. This will become the basis for calculating CD4 cells to determine the level of health or severity of HIV infection in a person's body.
Even though CD4 cells are attacked, there are still antibodies as another form of immunity that, although not strong enough to fight HIV, are still detectable in the blood. Therefore, antibodies are used as a benchmark to determine whether a person is infected with the HIV virus. So, hopefully it answers your question.
dr. Amadeo D. Basfiansa