HIV Test Screening Method Only Once And At Month 6?
Evening, please answer, I have done the HIV screening test and the results are non-reactive, I only did this test once and 6 months after risky behavior, I never did. Repeated tests are these results valid or accurate? Plus I didn’t engage in risky behavior that long
Hello dear HealthReplies.com friends, thank you for your questions
HIV is a virus that weakens a sufferer's immune system, making it more susceptible to infection or certain diseases. Apart from sexual contact, this virus can also be transmitted through:
The sharing of needles, especially for injecting drug users (IDUs) specifically for health workers, is accidentally punctured by a needle that has been used by HIV patients receiving blood transfusions or blood products contaminated with the virus to carry out piercing or tattoos with unsterile needles for HIV positive mothers to the baby, either during pregnancy, childbirth, or during breastfeeding. When the virus enters the body, the immune system will form antibodies in response to the virus. These antibodies begin to form on the 30th to 90th day after exposure to the virus. Therefore, to detect someone who is infected with HIV or not, it is recommended to do at least two screening tests, namely in the first month and the third month after exposure.
You need to know, the sensitivity level of HIV testing in the first month is 95%. This means that out of 1000 people infected with HIV, only 950 people can be detected through HIV testing in the first month, 50 others are still undetected, most likely because the antibodies that form the basis of this examination have not been formed. Meanwhile, in the third month, the sensitivity level increased to 99.7%. This means, of the 1000 people infected with HIV, 997 will be detected through the third month of examination and the other 3 people may not be detected. Thus, it would be a good idea to re-check again to confirm the previous results.
To make sure you are free from HIV, it is better if you repeat HIV check-ups every 3-6 months. In addition, avoid various risky behaviors that have the potential to transmit this virus. If you are in doubt, there is no harm in visiting the VCT clinic, which you can find in various regional public hospitals.
Hope this information is useful