HIV Testing Is Usually Done At The Health Center?
I want to ask whether the HIV test at BKPM / a type of puskesmas for lung results is accurate? I live in Pekalongan, I am doubtful because the results are only visible for 5 minutes. I did the test at 14 weeks after exposure.
Hello Pandu, thank you for the question.
The usual HIV check at a puskesmas is the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) program, which is a prevention and treatment management program for patients who are positively infected by the HIV virus. The program includes pre-test counseling services, HIV testing, and test post counseling. HIV tests carried out include testing for antibodies to HIV, otherwise known as the rapid test method. These antibodies will usually form 3 weeks to 3 months after exposure, but can be faster or longer depending on the condition of each individual. This examination has a high sensitivity and specificity so the results can be trusted. Because this method checks for antibodies in the blood, if the amount of antibodies that are formed is not enough, especially if you do the examination within a few weeks after doing risky activities, the results can show false negative even though the virus is actually already in the body. Therefore, if the test results are negative, it can be repeated 3 months later, especially if there are suspicious symptoms. Positive test results must be reconfirmed up to three times. The VCT test is recommended to be carried out 3 times, the first at least 3 months after exposure, the second 3 months from the first test, and the last 3 months after the second test. If you have risk factors for HIV infection, you should consult a doctor, the doctor will suggest an examination and determine the next action.
I hope this helps.