Hormone During Pregnancy?

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Hello, permission to ask. I have read articles and health journals, there are several hormones during pregnancy that cause insulin resistance, for example estrogen. what causes these hormones to cause insulin resistance and cause DMG? explanation please

1 Answer:

Hello, Wisdom, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com


During pregnancy hormonal changes occur in the body so much that changes also occur in some of the body's normal functions. One example is estrogen, where estrogen is indeed a hormone that can increase the risk of insulin resistance. Where insulin is released by pancreatic cells, but cells in the body cannot use insulin because it is said to be insulin resistant.


Estrogen is known to have a 'contra insulin effect'. Where insulin should be used by the body to help bind sugar so that the binding of sugar with insulin will later be used as an energy source. However, due to its contra insulin effect, sugar levels cannot bind to insulin so that sugar levels increase in the blood. Increased blood sugar levels in pregnancy generally occur at 20-24 weeks gestation and this condition is also called gestational diabetes.


Also during pregnancy more fat is produced in the body and there is an increase in calories in the body, and if you reduce activity or lack of exercise this will increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes.


And the more gestational age increases, the placenta will also grow so that the placenta produces more hormones. Normally the pancreas can produce insulin to avoid conditions of insulin resistance. But if the body fails to compensate for the effects of the hormones released by the placenta, it will easily occur in gestational dm.


Until now the prevention of gestational DM is not known with certainty, but the following ways can be done to prevent the risk of the disease for example:

Nutritious consumption routines such as protein fiber, avoid foods that contain fat and high calories.
Mild to moderate exercise such as swimming, brisk walking or cycling at least 30 minutes per day.
Reducing weight when planning to become pregnant
Perform an examination before planning a pregnancy to make sure the body is in good health.

That's all the answers from us, hopefully it's useful

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