How HIV Is Transmitted?

Illustration of How HIV Is Transmitted?
Illustration: How HIV Is Transmitted? Bing

I want to ask. Is it dangerous if exposed to saliva or vomit of people who have HIV?rnPlease answer, thank you.

1 Answer:

Hello, thanks for asking at HealthReplies.com
HIV / Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that attacks a person's immune system so that the body's ability to fight various infections and diseases is reduced. This virus can usually be found in a person's body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluid, sperm, breast milk and anal fluid.
Symptoms of HIV are divided into 3 stages, where the earliest stage occurs 2-6 weeks after doing things that risk HIV. The initial stage has unclear symptoms, where the symptoms experienced are symptoms due to other diseases such as fever, sore throat, sores or rashes in the oral cavity, muscle pain, fatigue and swollen lymph nodes. The second stage begins after the initial stage has disappeared, the second stage does not give any symptoms. The final stage is known as AIDS, where at this stage the patient's immune system is so weak that it can no longer fight off any infection.
Body fluids that can transmit HIV are:
• Blood
• Fluid in the anal wall
• Breast milk
• Sperm fluid
• Vaginal discharge, including menstrual blood
There are several ways of transmitting the HIV virus so that it can enter the bloodstream, including:
• Have unprotected vaginal or anal sex with HIV sufferers
• Performing oral sex with oral thrush and the man with HIV ejaculates in the mouth
• There are open sores on the skin
• Direct or accidental injection into a vein using an infected needle or injection.
• Blood transfusion
• From mother to baby, whether during pregnancy, childbirth, or while breastfeeding
• Through piercing or tattoos with needles

HIV is not contracted from kissing, saliva, biting, sneezing, sharing toiletries, towels, eating utensils, using the same toilet or swimming pool, being bitten by animals or insects such as mosquitoes.

That's my answer, hope it helps.
Regards, Dr. Sylvia

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