How The Mechanism Of Action Of Schizophrenia Drugs?
how the mechanism of action of schizophrenia drugs
Schizophrenia is a form of mental disorder where the patient experiences delusions or delusions (wrong beliefs about something), hallucinations, behavior changes, speech disorder, thought patterns which then disrupt the daily activities and social functions of the person. The symptoms of schizophrenia generally appear in young adulthood. In men between the ages of 15-30 and women between 25-30 years. The cause of schizophrenia is not known with certainty, but the risk factors include:
Genetic factors, the risk of someone experiencing schizophrenia increases when parents experience the same thing.
Chemical imbalance in the brain (dopamine, serotonin)
Psychological factors (severe stressors)
Schizophrenia treatment usually uses antipsychotic drugs. Antipsychotic administration aims to suppress symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, anxiety, impaired speech content. There are two types of antipsychotics namely typical and atypical. Typical antipsychotic types include haloperidol, chlorpromazine, and sulpiride. Atypical antipsychotic types include clozapine, olanzapine, and risperidone. The way the drug works is different, for example haloperidol it works as a dopamine receptor antagonist (D1 and D2) in the brain (suppresses the action of dopamine), inhibits the release of hormones from the hypothalamus and pituitary, and suppresses the reticular activation system. The mechanism of the drug will have an impact on decreasing the symptoms of schizophrenia patients. You can do further consultation about schizophrenia and its treatment with a mental health specialist / psychiatrist.
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