How To Avoid Retinal Detachment In Nearsightedness?
I am 22 years old and I have nearsightedness and astounding astigmatism. I read minus the eyes above 8 can cause retinal detachment how to avoid retinal detachment? Thank you
Hello Desih Widia Pertiwi, thank you for consulting us on HealthReplies.com.
The removal of a thin layer in the eye or also called the retina can also be understood as a condition called retinal detachment which can lead to permanent blindness if it is not treated promptly. This is because the retina is the part of the eye that functions to process the light captured by the eye so that it is interpreted by the brain as an image seen by the eye.
The cause of detachment of the eye can be due to the following conditions, namely:
small tears occur in the retina, generally occurs due to changes in tissue with age, including in people with minus eyes / nearsightedness and someone who has had cataract surgery at risk of experiencing tears in the retina
accumulation of vitreous without padding with retinal tears, usually due to injury, tumors, inflammation and macular degeneration
the formation of scar tissue on the surface of the retina, often found in people with uncontrolled diabetes that causes the retina to be attracted and then loose.
In someone with nearsightedness, an extension of the front of the eyeball due to curvature of the cornea that is too steep, this is a risk factor that is quite influential on the retinal tear in the peripheral or retinal edges adjacent to the corneal area. Because of this small tear, little by little the retinal layer comes off and causes total retinal detachment due to the entry of venous fluid or fluid in the middle of the eyeball that seeps into the gap between the retina and the layer behind it. So the minus condition that can not be tolerated or as a result of tearing of the retina is if the minus eye is more than equal to 8.
To prevent this of course is to correct the minus eye that can occur with operations such as LASIK, LASEK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), in addition to patients with moderate to severe minus can make choices such as intraocular lens implants (IOL). In addition to minus eye repair, what needs to be done is also to see a doctor immediately if floaters appear (spots or dark spots on the vision), flashes of light, or there are any changes in the visual field. In addition to checking eyes regularly at least once every year. Thus we can convey, hopefully the information from us is useful. thanks.