How To Deal With A Sore Throat In Children Aged 2 Years?
, my child is 2 years 9 months, is experiencing heartburn, his body is hot, it is difficult to eat. For the heat, I try to give paracetamol to treat it. I’m sorry if I saw that he was in pain while he was sleeping and then woke up, he complained that his neck hurts. Please fix it! Thank you in advance!
Hello Agus Susanto,
Sore throats in children are most often caused by:
Inflammation of the pharynx (larynx) is generally caused due to a viral infection, a bacterial infection. Although the cause of the virus is the most, but pharyngitis due to bacterial group A Streptococcus needs to be detected and treated properly because it can cause complications in the heart and kidneys.
Symptoms: fever, sore throat, painful swallowing, pharynx appearing red, decreased appetite, headache, achy body, coughing runny nose, enlarged lymph nodes
Inflammation of the tonsils, especially palatine tonsils which are located behind the right and left tongue. Acute tonsillitis can be caused due to viral and bacterial infections
Symptoms: fever, sore throat and swallowing pain, bad breath, enlarged lymph nodes around the neck and lower jaw, white spots on the tonsils, headache, decreased appetite, children tend to drool
Generally the condition of pharyngitis and tonsillitis can improve by itself within 7-10 days. It is important for parents to maintain the hydration / adequacy of children's fluids by giving children more frequent drinking. In addition it is also necessary to be given fever-lowering drugs such as paracetamol routinely with the appropriate dose, in addition to reducing paracetamol fever can also reduce the pain felt by children. Avoid giving food that is too hot which can actually irritate the pharynx and tonsils, causing more severe pain. Teach children to gargle / gargle by looking up using warm water mixed with salt as much as 4-6 times per day to reduce complaints of pain in the throat. Use air humidifier and avoid exposure to smoke including cigarette smoke. Children who are older can be given candy containing menthol to reduce pain in the throat. Warm tea given ginger can also help reduce pain in the throat.
Children still need to be seen by a doctor if within 3 days the fever does not go down and there are the following signs:
Children have difficulty opening their mouths
The child does not want to drink at all
Swelling in the neck
Children have difficulty speaking
Pus comes out of the tonsils or there are thick white patches on the pharynx
Hard to breathe
In cases of pharyngitis and tonsillitis caused by bacterial infections, the patient must be given antibiotics that need to be taken at a certain dose and in the duration of time determined by the doctor. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.