How To Deal With And Diet For Patients With Pericardial Effusion?

Illustration of How To Deal With And Diet For Patients With Pericardial Effusion?
Illustration: How To Deal With And Diet For Patients With Pericardial Effusion?

, want to ask, my mother has a heart record and allegedly her heart was submerged in water. I checked on google the term pericardial infusion. I want to ask for prevention of this disease and foods that should be avoided as well as those that are good for him. Please help

1 Answer:

Hello Sartikadini,

Pericardial effusion is the collection of fluids in the pericardium space between 2 layers that surround the outside of the heart. Disorders of the pericardium such as inflammation (pericarditis) can cause accumulation in the pericardial space or it can also occur due to chest trauma that causes the collection of blood in the space. Due to the pressure of fluid in the room, the heart pump function can be disrupted.

Causes of pericardial effusion include:

Pericardial inflammation
Pericardial infections (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites)
Autoimmune disease
Primary or metastatic cancer (spread from cancer in other organs) in the pericardium
Trauma or stab wounds around the heart
Chemotherapy, radiotherapy
Uremia in kidney failure

Mild pericardial effusion is generally asymptomatic. However, if there is a lot of fluid in the pericardium, symptoms of pericardial effusion can occur as follows:

Hard to breathe
Shortness that increases in weight when lying on your back

Pericardial effusion that is handled causes fluid to continuously increase and push the heart space, consequently the filling of heart space decreases and pump function decreases. If left untreated, cardiac tamponade complications can occur that can be life threatening.

The diagnosis of pericardial effusion is based on physical examination and investigations such as chest x-rays, echocardiograms, heart records, or CT-scans. Pericardial effusion treatment depends on the amount of fluid found in the pericardium space and the patient's condition. The doctor can administer drugs such as corticosteroids, NSAIDs, or drainage (removing) pericardial fluid using needles or open surgery (especially if effusion is due to bleeding in the pericardium).

For food there are no special restrictions for pericardial effusion conditions. However, if there are other heart conditions such as congestive heart failure, it may be necessary to limit the amount of fluid consumed per day. Patients are encouraged to eat foods in accordance with their needs based on ideal body weight, consume enough vegetables and fruits, reduce salt and sugar intake, and limit intake of saturated fat.

Perform control in accordance with the schedule determined by the doctor to evaluate the results of pericardial effusion treatment. If the patient feels severe tightness, severe chest pain, high fever, you should immediately bring the patient back for examination. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.

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