How To Find And Detect Pneumonia Transmission (pneumonia)?
Hello Shelly Angelia,
Pneumonia is a medical term for pneumonia. Lung inflammation causes exudation of blood cells from blood vessels around the alveoli (air sacs) so that the alveoli will be filled with fluid. Pneumonia is caused by a variety of pathogenic germs, including:
Bacteria: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophillus influenzae
Virus: respiratory synctial virus, influenza virus, corona virus
Mushroom: Aspergillus sp.
Pneumonia can also arise due to aspiration (breathing passage of foreign bodies) for example in drowning cases or elderly patients vomiting and choking. Symptoms of pneumonia include: coughing is generally a productive cough, fever, shortness of breath - rapid breathing, chest pain, if severe cyanosis can occur and decreased consciousness.
Pneumonia is more common in infants, young children, and the elderly whose immune systems are not good. Adult patients with malnutrition, immune disorders due to other diseases such as HIV / AIDS, diabetes mellitus, in long-term immunosuppressant treatment, are patients at high risk of pneumonia. Other risk factors for pneumonia are smoking, living in an environment with high air pollution, bed rest for a long time.
Transmission of pneumonia through inhaled coughing and sneezing droplets and respiratory mucosal contact. Not all types of pathogenic germs can enter the lungs because these organs also have defense capabilities. Patients with coughing, including pneumonia, can be given a mask so that the droplet goes nowhere or taught to cough using tissue, then dispose of it in the trash and wash their hands with running water and soap. If there is no mask or tissue, teach the patient to cough toward the elbow in his arm. You also need to practice hand hygiene as often as possible by washing your hands with running water and soap; maintaining a healthy body by consuming nutritious food, exercising regularly, and getting enough rest to avoid contracting pneumonia.
Pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs) is different from bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchial airways), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis which is certainly different in handling and severity of the disease.
There are various vaccines that can reduce your risk of pneumonia, but there are many types because one vaccine generally only protects against one type of pathogenic germ. Some types of vaccines that can be used to prevent pneumonia include:
Pneumococcal vaccine: PCV13, PPSV23. The CDC recommends this vaccine be given to children <2 years, children <2 years who suffer from other comorbid diseases, elderly patients> 65 years, adult patients who are active smokers or suffer from comorbid diseases. This vaccine prevents pneumonia due to pneumococcus type bacteria.
Hib vaccine (Haemophillus influenza type B)
Generally this vaccine is not required for healthy adult patients and should not be given to patients with a history of allergies to the vaccine or substances contained in the vaccine. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.