How To Increase Children’s Height Below Normal?
Good evening, thanks for the question
Stunting is a chronic malnutrition status during the period of growth and development that occurs since early life. This situation is characterized by the height z-score by age (TB / U) is less than -2 standard deviations (SD) based on WHO growth standards. Your two children after being plotted with WHO standards, including less than -2 elementary and even lower, means that it is classified as very short.
Toddlerhood is a period that really requires adequate nutrition. Nutrition problems, especially stunting, can hinder children's development, intellectual decline, susceptibility to non-communicable diseases, decreased productivity in the future. Stunting toddlers tend to have difficulty achieving optimal growth and development potential.
Management of pursuing growth and development in stunted children should be done from the age before 2 years because this is a crucial time for children's growth. If it is too late, catch up growth can be done but the results cannot be as optimal as if done since the age of less than 2 years.
One of the efforts is the regulation of a balanced nutritious diet should be applied to children with a history of stunting.
Balanced nutrition must meet 50% -60% carbohydrates, about 10% -15% protein, maximum fat 40% for children under 2 years and a maximum of 30% for children 2 years and above. Not only enough calories, but also enough protein obtained from animal protein such as red meat, eggs, fish, or seafood.
Parents also need to introduce various types of food from the beginning so that children are enthusiastic when going to eat. Good sanitation is also important to ensure that children are not easily infected by unclean environments, because the condition of the infection will further hamper the child's growth.
Consult a pediatrician if the mother finds it difficult to implement catch up growth efforts on your child.
Thus, hopefully can help