How To Prevent Transmission Of Chickenpox To Pregnant Women?

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. good night r n r nI want to ask, I happen to have chicken pox my second child, where my wife is pregnant with the third child. My wife had had smallpox before. And already vaccinated. Due to one reason or another, my second child cannot be separated from the mother. R n1. Does a wife who has been exposed to smallpox lower the risk of contracting it? R n2. Can the congenital defect caused by the varicella virus can be transmitted directly to the fetus without getting smallpox? What do you do best? R n r nThank you

1 Answer:

Hello Dhani

Thank you for using Aldokter's consultation service

I understand the worry you have. The chickenpox virus is also called the varicella zoster virus. This virus is a variant of the same virus, which can cause a person to experience chickenpox and shingles skin disorders. This disease is a concern for many health workers, because the impact is quite serious, especially if it affects pregnant women. This virus can cause birth defects in the fetus while still in the womb during pregnancy.

If a woman who has been exposed to and has had chickenpox before, antibodies to the smallpox virus have formed in the body, so the risk of experiencing chickenpox returns is quite small. This is because antibodies to the smallpox virus have been formed and can immediately work against the virus that enters the body. This mechanism will be the same in pregnant women. The body defenses of pregnant women who have antibodies against the chickenpox virus will prevent transmission of the virus to themselves, so that the fetus who is in the womb is also protected from exposure to the chickenpox virus.

Until now, it is very rare to have chickenpox recurring in a person. If that happens, there may be a problem in the immune system that fails to form antibodies against the chickenpox virus or due to other immune disorders.

So that in relation to your question, immunity to the chickenpox virus has formed in your wife's body, given the history of your wife who has had chickenpox before and has been given the chickenpox vaccine. This immunity will protect your wife and fetus from the chickenpox virus and congenital disorders caused by the chickenpox virus. The risk of congenital negligence due to congenital varicella syndrome will increase in pregnant women who experience varicella virus infection, whether mild, moderate or severe, without any special immune defense against the varicella virus that is formed in their body.

Therefore, don't worry too much, after making sure your wife's body's defense against the virus is good enough, next is to monitor the development of the fetus regularly to the obstetrician. Examination with ultrasonography / USG is useful for seeing fetal development and assessing whether there are congenital disorders in the fetus. Furthermore, the doctor will provide medical advice and consideration if any abnormalities may be found. Make sure all members of your family get chickenpox immunization as a protective and preventive measure to prevent transmission of the chickenpox virus. I have submitted so much information, hope it helps

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