How To Prevent Transmission Of The HIV Virus To The Fetus?
people who have HIV can have children who don’t have the virus and their partners who don’t
Good afternoon, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com. In short, a person who is infected with HIV, does not necessarily transmit HIV to his partner and child. The explanation is as follows.
In HIV / AIDS, there is a term known as discordant partner. Discordant pair is the name for a partner, one of whom is HIV positive, and the other is not / negative. This positive one can be husband or wife, it makes no difference.
For couples like this, what must be done by one of the positive ones to prevent transmission to the other is to routinely take the drugs given every day and routinely control to check their health, especially knowing the viral load or levels of the HIV virus in the body. Research in 2017 showed that a person whose levels of the virus in their body were undetectable and still on antiretroviral treatment had zero risk of transmitting the HIV virus. In addition, of course, it is advisable to use condoms for those whose viral load is still high.
In the condition of a wife who is HIV positive, to prevent the virus from being transmitted to her child, among the precautions that can be done is to take HIV drugs that have been prepared by doctors to deal with pregnancy conditions, perform a cesarean section for childbirth, give anti-HIV drugs to children for 4-6 weeks after birth, and not breastfeeding the child at all. If this is done properly, the risk of HIV transmission can drop dramatically to <2%.
However, because this is also a sensitive matter and is very susceptible to misunderstanding, our advice is to reconfirm it with the health service center that provides the VCT facility. So, hopefully it answers your question.
dr. Amadeo D. Basfiansa