How To Treat Iron Deficiency Anemia In A 2 Year Old Child?
Good night. My son is now 2 years and 1 month old .. from birth he had never been screened for ADB. Never consume iron. Exclusive breastfeeding .. The weight was checked last month 11.2 .. eating is easy .. so the weight goes up very little even sometimes it doesn’t increase. The child is active. My question is, can I still check the ADB? What lab checks should be needed? Thank you in advance ☺️
Hello Finta Ainda
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Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a condition of anemia / decreased hemoglobin due to a lack of iron. ADB is still a problem in various countries, especially in Indonesia. Based on the research survey, the highest cases of ADB were found in infants and toddlers. This can be due to a lack of iron during pregnancy, rapid growth in children, insufficient dietary intake and low-iron formula feeding.
Please note that iron has an important role in addition to being a factor that produces red blood cells. The function of iron includes the development of nerve cells and nerve metabolism, so that iron deficiency is often related to disruption of children's cognitive function, affecting children's intelligence, behavior and growth.
When newborns, babies have high iron reserves from the mother during pregnancy. After birth, especially at the age of 4 months and over, iron reserves begin to decrease and iron is needed from food.
Causes of iron deficiency in infants and toddlers include:
Inadequate iron stores due to preterm birth, twins, breast milk without consumption of iron supplementation, low-iron formula and growth spurt during pregnancy and breastfeeding Allergy to cow's milk protein intake of less iron from food consumed Obesity Increased need due to infection Malabsorption Bleeding Related to questions You, to find out whether the child has iron deficiency anemia, an examination is needed based on clinical / symptoms experienced, and based on the results of blood tests to determine the levels of red blood cells, Hb, blood cell form, ferritin, Iron Saturation and TIBC (Total Iron Binding Capacity)
ADB can be treated with iron preparations that are administered regularly over a period of time. Don't hesitate to check your baby with the nearest pediatrician for information and the right management. That's all the information I can give, hope it helps
dr. Fita Fitria Ayu