Hypertension Medication Side Effects?

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Afternoon I want to ask my cousin who has hypertension 170/110. So check with the doctor to get up to 3 kinds of antihypertensive drugs. There is a dangerous effect or not. thank you

1 Answer:

Hello Krisdamas Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.


Hypertension is a chronic disease that is often found, hypertension is characterized by an increase in blood pressure above normal, namely a blood pressure of 130/80 or more, which can be said to be hypertension. Hypertension is a disease that is asymptomatic, but if left untreated it can lead to complications such as heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure and stroke. Therefore hypertension must be controlled so as not to cause complications.


There are 2 types of blood pressure, namely systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Where if your blood pressure is 170/110 it means your systolic blood pressure is 170mmHg and your diastolic blood pressure is 110 mmHg. According to the AHA (American Heart Association) in 2017, blood pressure can be divided into:


Normal: blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg.

Increased (pre-hypertension): blood pressure ranges from 120-129 for systolic pressure and <80 mmHg for diastolic pressure.

Hypertension level 1: 130/80 mmHg to 139/89 mmHg.

Stage 2 hypertension: 140/90 or higher.

Based on this classification, you are classified as grade 2 hypertension. And based on the latest guidelines, hypertensive patients aged 60 years or older can be given drug therapy if systolic blood pressure> = 150mmHg, or when the diastolic pressure> = 90 mmHg. And the target blood pressure that must be achieved is <150/90. Meanwhile, hypertensive patients under the age of 60 can be given anti-hypertensive drugs if their systolic blood pressure is> = 140 and the diastolic blood pressure is> = 90.


Therefore, hypertension level two must be given anti-hypertensive drugs, according to what the doctor recommended. Therapy given for hypertension can consist of 1 type of anti-hypertensive drug or a combination (more than 1 type of anti-hypertensive drug). In your condition, you are given several types of anti-hypertensive drugs to reduce blood pressure on you, and the three types of drugs given to you are anti-hypertensive drugs with different ways of working.


Furosemide and spironolacton are diuretic drugs, while the third drug. If you mean "norvask" a drug that contains amlodipine and belongs to the class of calcium antagonists. And the three drugs have different work, which you can read later in this article: Hypertension Treatment.


Usually after you are given the drug, you must return to the doctor to see if your normal blood pressure target has been reached or not. And usually the doctor will consider the next treatment based on your blood pressure response to the first drug administration. And if your normal blood pressure target has been reached, the doctor will recommend continuing these medicines while still being controlled as recommended by the doctor. And if your normal blood pressure is not reached, usually the doctor will consider changing the combination of anti-hypertensive drugs and increasing the dose until the normal blood pressure target is reached. Therefore hypertension requires routine blood pressure monitoring.


All drugs have certain different side effects, as well as anti-hypertensive drugs. However, in most people there are no side effects when taking antihypertensive drugs. When you take diuretic side effects such as urinating more frequently, weakness, muscle cramps. While calcium antagonists have side effects such as constipation, headaches, swelling of the ankles, palpitations.


Taking antihypertensive drugs for a long period of time is relatively safe, as long as you routinely go to the doctor according to the recommendations given. The doctor will provide therapies that can benefit your health in comparison to the side effects of these drugs. Therefore, you should not worry too much because the side effects of these drugs are usually less dangerous, compared to the complications that can occur if your blood pressure continues to be high without treatment.


However, if you feel the side effects of the drugs given are bothering you, you should first consult your doctor to consider changing drugs or reducing doses. Keep in mind, stopping drugs or changing doses can only be determined by a doctor, to prevent a drastic increase in high blood pressure that can harm you.


In addition to therapy with drugs, you should be able to manage hypertension with lifestyle modifications, which you can do for example:

Exercise routine
Quit smoking
Do not consume alcohol
Reduce your salt intake
Eat foods that are low in fat and high in fiber
Maintain body weight so that it is always ideal
Reducing caffeine consumption such as tea, coffee, soda
Manage stress well

So many answers from us, hopefully useful.

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