Is Bulimia Included In Psychological Disorders?
Morning doctor, I want to ask about bulimia, is that a psychological disease?
Hello Trav Syab,
According to the Guidelines for the Classification and Diagnosis of Mental Disorders-III (PPDGJ), bulimia is included as a behavioral syndrome associated with physiological disorders and physical factors. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that can cause physical disorders and even death if left untreated.
Bulimia patients eat in excessive amounts and cannot resist the urge to eat. Patients tend to eat very large portions in a short time. However, at the same time the patient feels excessive fear of being fat and does one or more of the following:
Vomit food that has been eaten, scraping the mouth so that nausea arises
Taking excessive laxatives
The use of drugs to suppress appetite or to manage the body inappropriately
Long fasting after eating a lot
Bulimia is a psychological disorder that can accompany other mental disorders, such as depression. Bulimia affects more women than men. The age of the patient is mainly young adults. Factors that can increase the risk of bulimia include a history of obesity when children, biological family members who suffer from bulimia, other mental disorders (depression, anxiety disorders, drug dependence), patients on excessive diets.
If there are friends / family members / or yourself who often feel dissatisfied with the body they have, feel too fat (even though normal), excessive exercise, overeating followed by excessive fasting, very fluctuating body weight, the person may experience bulimia . Check with yourself or invite your friends / family to meet and consult further with a psychiatrist.
Handling provided includes psychotherapy, administration of antidepressant drugs, education about good nutrition. Patients who are dehydrated or severely malnourished may need hospitalization to improve the condition. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.