Is It Necessary To Administer The Anti-tetanus Vaccine After 12 Hours Of Being Pricked By A Nail?
Good morning, I have a question. Why is the administration of anti-tetanus serum (ATS) no longer needed if the nail pricking event has passed 12 hours? If 12 hours have passed, do you still need to be given the tetanus vaccine so you don’t catch tetanus?
Hi Isrujito .. Thank you for the question.
Tetanus is a disease caused by Clstridium tetani, this bacteria can enter the human body through dirty wounds, animal bites, rusted objects, and burns. Symptoms that arise in people with tetanus are: spasms accompanied by muscle stiffness, especially in the jaw and neck area, the muscles around the stomach become stiff, and the spasms can be triggered by a loud sound or light. If not treated properly, this disease can be life threatening.
If you are pierced with nails, there is a risk of getting tetanus, especially if the nails rust. If you are stabbed by a nail, it is better to immediately wash the wound with clean running water, and it is better to immediately consult a doctor or the nearest emergency room. So that the doctor will carry out an examination directly, and can be given a tetanus vaccine or anti-tetanus serum (ATS). This ATS is given especially if you have never been vaccinated or have an incomplete vaccine history, the wound is deep and dirty, and you see when it happened. If the incident lasts more than 12 hours, then ATS is not very useful, so it is not given again. What you can do is keep the wound clean, recognize the signs and symptoms of tetanus and get checked out immediately if symptoms appear, as well as take medications given by your doctor regularly if you have checked yourself.
May be useful