Is It Possible That HIV Symptoms Appear Only A Few Days After A Risky Relationship?
Good afternoon doctor. I want to ask around the 1st to 7th of December, I did a risk relationship and starting on the 9th, symptoms of HIV appeared. like a rash, sore throat and not excited and yawning body. on the 14th of December I did a blood test at the hospital with negative results. whether when HIV symptoms appear whether the results are accurate or I have to wait 3 months then the results will be accurate doctor. while waiting for the results I was very worried and stressed. is that reasonable.
Good evening, thanks for the question
After the initial HIV infection after risky sexual behavior, the body needs time for the immune system to produce specific antibodies and antigens against HIV which can then be detected on HIV serological tests, which is called the window period.
If the inspection is carried out during the window period a false negative may occur. So that the inspection is done after passing the window. The third generation HIV serology examination method can detect HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies which can only be detected after 4-12 weeks. It is advisable to carry out the examination after 12 weeks after conducting risky behavior to obtain valid results.
If using a fourth generation HIV serology examination method, which can detect p24 antigens and HIV antibodies can give valid results after 3-8 weeks. This examination is known as the CMIA method. It is recommended to do the examination after 8 weeks because the response of individual antigens can be different. That is because p24 antigens are formed more rapidly in the body than antibodies.
In this case you are carrying out an HIV check still in the window period so the results are not yet valid. Perform the examination again after passing the window period, which is the earliest 2 months after risky behavior if you use a fourth generation test provided that you do not return to having risky sexual relations until a valid examination result has been declared.
While waiting for the end of the window is very reasonable if you feel anxious, but you must remain optimistic and still have spirit. Perform activities as usual, eat nutritiously and exercise to boost the immune system. It is important that you abstain (fast sexual intercourse) until it is actually declared HIV negative, and it is better if you are only loyal to one partner so that you are not at risk of HIV transmission.
That's all, hope it helps. Wassalam.