Is Pregnant Women Infected With The CMV Virus (Cytomegalovirus) Can Transmit To The Fetus?
Doctor, if someone is infected with this virus, if they are pregnant can they be transmitted to many of them?
Thank you for the question.
CMV (Cytomegalovirus) infection in healthy adults with strong immune system often does not cause severe clinical symptoms, but only in the form of fever, fatigue, muscle aches, joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes. However, if it infects people with weak immune systems, including pregnant women, the symptoms that appear can be more severe, which can cause infections to spread to the eyes (retinitis), lungs (pneumonia), even the brain (encephalitis).
Not only that, pregnant women who contracted CMV while pregnant can transmit the infection to their babies while still in the womb, so that they are more at risk of miscarriage, fetal death in the womb, premature labor, dead babies after birth, babies born with LBW (low birth weight ), microcephalus (small head size), enlarged liver and / or spleen, anemia, purplish skin rash, growth and development barriers, and so on. Transmission of infection from mother to baby can not only occur when the fetus is still in the womb, but can also occur when mothers breastfeed their babies. Of course, the risk of transmission and complications in these infants can vary depending on when the infection occurred, such as what is the mother's immune system, and what kind of treatment is taken to overcome it.
Therefore, pregnant women who are known to be infected with CMV need to check themselves directly to the doctor or obstetrician to be given the right treatment. That way, the risk of dangerous complications in infants can be prevented early on.
Hope this helps ...