Know The Thalassemia Blood Test Results?
Hello . My son is 9 months old. At the time of the blood test to see whether it was thalassemia or not, the result was my child’s hb 9.6. Meanwhile, the result of hemoglobin electrophoresis for normal HbA2 was 2.2, for high Hbf was 18%. Please provide information, whether with these results my child has thalassemia or not? Oia, when the blood test results came out, there was a note on the description of beta thalasemi .. please get the info
Hello Mr Ilhamsyah! Thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
I understand you are worried about your child's state. Thalassemia is a hereditary disease that affects blood cells. There are various types of thalassemia, ranging from mild thalassemia without symptoms to life-threatening conditions. Handling and supervision from a doctor must always be given properly to prevent dangerous complications.
Thalassemia is caused by a genetic disorder that affects the formation of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is needed by the body to transport oxygen in blood vessels. Hemoglobin consists of an alpha chain and a beta chain. In thalassemia, there is a disruption in one of these chains. As a result, normal hemoglobin is insufficient and cannot function properly. This can be seen from the skin that looks pale.
In general, thalassemia is divided into alpha thalassemia and beta thalassemia, based on what chains are damaged in hemoglobin. Thalassemia is further divided based on the severity of the disease into thalassemia major, thalassemia intermedia, and thalassemia minor. The severity of thalassemia depends on the number of genes that are damaged.
Anyone can experience thalassemia. Thalassemia can be detected by blood tests. From the blood, the types of hemoglobin in the blood were analyzed and the degree of severity of thalassemia experienced was determined. In patients with thalassemia, fetal hemoglobin (HbF) will be found. HbF is the normal hemoglobin in newborns. This hemoglobin will be replaced with adult hemoglobin (HbA) after the baby is 6 months old. In children over 6 months, HbF should not be found in the blood.
If thalassemia experienced is thalassemia minor, the patient does not need special treatment. In thalassemia major, the body will try to form as much hemoglobin as possible to overcome the lack of hemoglobin in the body. The body's efforts to produce large amounts of hemoglobin can lead to complications in the form of abnormal bone growth. The body will also try to absorb more iron as a material for the formation of hemoglobin. As a result, iron in the body will accumulate and patients can experience growth problems and are more susceptible to infection.
You need to consult a pediatrician, especially a subspecialty of hematology, regarding the results you received. Ask your doctor what therapy options you can choose to solve your baby's problem. Quick treatment can prevent your baby from serious complications. If your baby looks tight or looks very pale, do not hesitate to immediately bring it to the nearest hospital emergency room.
That is the explanation from me. I hope this helps.