Linkage Of Dental Infections And Diabetes?
, why infections, especially dental infections can cause hhnk (hyperosmolar non ketotic hyperglycemia)?
Hello Brigita, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
When an infection occurs in the body (in any part) arises a stress response from the body that causes an increase in the production of several hormones such as the hormone cortisol and also the hormone adrenaline, both of which inhibit the function of insulin and cause increased blood sugar.
In diabetes patients the same, the infection will cause the same body response as in normal people, but due to diabetics the blood sugar is already high, with an infection, blood sugar will increase and if the infection is left and not treated properly it will cause a continuous increase and can result in a non-ketotic hyperosmolar hyperglycemic condition (HONK) or diabetic ketoacidosi (DKA) depending on how much insulin can still survive to maintain a decrease in blood sugar during this time.
Especially for dental infections, in this condition, bacteria in the teeth are easier to enter into the blood vessels in the mouth area so that it is easier to trigger an infection reaction as described above so that it can result in a HONK or DKA in patients with diabetes .
I hope this helps.