Lump In The Right Lower Ear And Not Painful?
Morning doctor. Right under my right ear around the jaw was a lump. It doesn’t hurt but sometimes I can feel the lump very much when I turn my head. At first I thought it would disappear like before, but this time is quite long. Previously I accidentally hit by a blood vomit of someone who (+) B20 precisely in the palm of my hand, but at that time there were not many spots of dry blood sticking to it and I happened to have a slight wound but I had plastered it before I was exposed to it. Is my lymph node swelling because I am exposed to the HIV virus?
Good evening, thanks for the question
Lymphadenopathy is an enlarged lymph node with a size greater than 1 cm. Lymphadenopathy can occur as a whole in various locations (general tourism) or locally in just one location (local tourism). The causes of this condition are very diverse, including:
Infection: CMV infection, HIV primary infection, pharyngitis, rubella, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, viral hepatitis, etc. Malignancies: Lymphoma, leukemia, skin neoplasms, sarcomas, spread of cancer cells to lymph nodes. Autoimmune: Systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome, etc. Further examination is needed by the doctor to conclude the possible causes of the lymphadenopathy. Interviews regarding symptoms include age, history of exposure, history of recurrent infections, history of sexual contact, family history of malignancy, and so on. Then proceed with a physical examination to evaluate the characteristics and size of the lump, and the location of the lump. In the case of lymphadenopathy the main investigation to determine the type of cells in it is a tissue biopsy.
Associated with your concern regarding the history of contact with the blood of people with HIV that the risk will be very high if the transmission of bodily fluids occurs through sexual intercourse, sharing needles and transmissions during pregnancy. In your case the possibility of transmission is very small considering the surface surface defects are minimal, and the HIV virus generally cannot survive long outside the human body. Contact with body fluids of PLHIV who have been outside the body, as you mean, generally does not transmit HIV.
For lymphadenopathy complaints you should consult again with your doctor for further examination.