Management Of Aplastic Anemia In Children?

Illustration of Management Of Aplastic Anemia In Children?
Illustration: Management Of Aplastic Anemia In Children? haematologica.org

Assalamuaikum I want to ask if a 9-year-old child lacks white blood cells and red blood cells so that he can even speak difficult to speak what caused? And how to handle it?

1 Answer:

Hello FE,


Thank you for the question.

One of the most common causes of low levels of red and white blood cells in a child is aplastic anemia. This condition occurs because of damage to the spinal cord so that it interferes with the production of blood cells in it. The cause can be due to side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, poisoning (such as pesticides, insecticides, benzene), side effects of drugs (eg anti-rheumatic drugs and antibiotics), autoimmune disorders that attack the spinal cord, viral infections (especially hepatitis, Epstein Barr, cytomegalovirus, HIV), pregnancy, or other factors not yet known. Not only red and white blood cells are reduced in patients with aplastic anemia, but also other blood cells, such as platelets. Impact, sufferers will feel his body weak, tightness, dizziness, so difficult to talk as you mentioned. It could also, patients with aplastic anemia will experience other complaints, such as palpitations, pale, prone to infections, easy bruising, nosebleeds and recurrent bleeding gums, reddish skin rashes, and headaches. If left untreated, this condition can be fatal, and lead to death.


Red and white blood cell levels may also be lacking due to other factors, in addition to aplastic anemia, for example leukemia, multiple myeloma, myelodisplastic syndrome, osteopetrosis, myelofibrosis, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, megaloblastic anemia, and so on.


This condition can be different treatment depending on the underlying cause. Therefore, the right step to take is to check the child directly to the doctor or pediatrician in order to evaluate possible causes of the condition, such as through blood tests, spinal cord biopsy, and other supporting examinations. Depending on the cause, later the child's condition can be treated with medication, blood transfusions, stem cell transplants, and various other therapeutic modalities.


Hope this helps ...

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