Menstrual Pain In Patients With PCOS And Endometriosis?

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good night, I want to ask, yesterday my sister went to the doctor and was diagnosed with PCOS and endometriosis, I wanted a doctor’s help to explain the disease

1 Answer:

Hello Leody, Thank you for the question.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which there are several small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) inside the ovaries that cause disruption in ovarian function. This condition causes a hormonal imbalance in the sufferer's body. Besides appearing small cysts, other symptoms are irregular ovulation and increased levels of male hormones (androgens) in the female body. The exact cause of this condition is unknown but it is thought to be related to hereditary factors, insulin resistance, and hormonal imbalance. Symptoms experienced by sufferers include excessive hair growth, oily or acne prone skin, weight gain, irregular menstruation, depression, difficulty getting pregnant, and hair loss.

Endometriosis is a growth of uterine wall tissue (endometrium) outside the uterine cavity, the cause of which is not known with certainty. There is a theory that this condition is caused by endometrial tissue that cannot be removed from the body during menstruation and eventually attaches to another place. However, this theory cannot explain the appearance of endometriosis in women who have had their uterus removed. The endometrial tissue that grows outside the uterus also thickens and sheds according to the menstrual cycle. But this blood cannot come out and settle because it is not in the uterus. These blood deposits will irritate the surrounding tissue and form scar tissue. The symptoms experienced by sufferers that often appear are intense pain during menstruation. Sufferers can also experience heavy menstrual bleeding.

Please advise your brother to undergo treatment according to the doctor's recommendation. Your sister can take paracetamol or the pain reliever medication given by the doctor if she experiences severe pain during menstruation. If your sister still has questions about her condition, you should discuss it with an obstetrician and gynecologist who examined her.

I hope this helps.

Dr. Aloisia

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