MPASI Full Menu According To WHO?

Illustration of MPASI Full Menu According To WHO?
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I went to several DSAs but why did the opinions differ about the complete menu of food? Even this link https://www.HealthReplies.com/bunda-yuk-contek- Inspirational-information- accompanying-asi-following still shows a single menu and only fibrous foods that cause babies to fail to grow. Can a 6-month-old baby be able to immediately eat a full menu according to WHO and FAO? How about a good full menu proportion? Does the baby need additional iron vitamins? How long does the storage hold in the refrigerator? Can it be for lunch and afternoon? Please answer yes, don’t just give a link because I want to make homemade instead of fortification. Thank you in advance

1 Answer:

Greetings HealthReplies.com,
Thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
The plan to provide MPASI for your baby with homemade is a very good effort and hope in providing love and conformity to the nutritional needs of babies aged 6 months in addition to giving Asi itself. Even if you have consulted with a pediatrician, and get differences of opinion regarding the diet for Mpasi, then this is a natural thing, because there are no concrete menu standards that are served to your baby every day, there is a guidline to prepare a good Mpasi menu for your baby, so you can be creative independently regarding the Mpasi menu for your child. If you need a concrete menu for your baby, you can consult a nutritionist doctor at a large hospital in your city. The doctor will help you prepare a menu that is suitable for your baby to consume Mpasi every day, this is because I cannot explain one by one the complete menu for your baby. However, you can still compile a simple and gradual menu according to the information you have obtained from your pediatrician or WHO recommendation that Mpasi is complementary feeding, given to children aged 6-24 months.
Regarding your question:
1. Infants 6 months have started to be introduced to Mpasi or complementary feeding. Because for 6 months your baby only gets liquid food or breast milk, it is necessary to introduce solid food / complementary milk with different shapes and flavors. Doing an introduction requires time adjustments, whether a few days to weeks. So you can introduce a simple diet to give a positive response for your baby. After your baby is accustomed to a simple menu, then you can provide more complex and varied foods. Follow the flow and just follow the time you and your baby in the process of introducing food menus.
In a brief explanation there are 4 important points out of 10 WHO guidline points for complementary feeding, namely:
a. Timely, where Mpasi was given when the baby was 6 months old as Asi's companion. Breast milk itself can be given to babies up to 2 years or 24 weeks. Giving Mpasi at 6-8 months can be given with a frequency of 2-3 times per day. Whereas for children older than 8 months can be given more than 3 times a day until the age of 24 months
b. Adequate, where the amount, frequency, consistency, variation of the Mpasi menu is still adjusted to the Mpasi introduction process to its age and needs
c. Safe, means safe from pathogens or bacterial contamination or harmful microorganisms. This can be related to the processing, storage and presentation as well as the tools used
d. Appropriate, or appropriate measurement

2. Proportions of a full menu of babies aged 6 months can be given, this can be done in stages, starting from single to full menu foods. This you can know directly from the baby's response when eating and accepting menu adjustments. So that a single menu in the article HealthReplies.com does not mean that the menu you provide continues and is the same, but that menu is the initial menu of introduction. After your baby is ready with the Mpasi adjustment, you can provide a complete menu, and this does not cause the risk of growth disturbances, because this is a process your baby goes through and adjusts his digestive system.
While a complete menu based on proportional nutrients on Mpasi can be provided
a. 0-34% fat
b. Energy 137-187 grams / day or 200kcal per day. Daily energy requirements reach 615 kcl / day. From Asi reached 413 kcal / day, the rest was assisted by Mpasi.
c. For nutrients iron, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, and calcium are micronutrients where the needs are very small but important for children. And this micronutrient is already in the food source that you prepare, whether it's vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, eggs or in Asi. So meeting the food consumed every day can help nourish your child's nutritional needs
3. Additional vitamins and iron you can provide. And this already exists in the variety of foods that you provide for your child. WHO also provides recommendations for the addition of nutrients in foods or fortifications, but you can choose them according to your convenience. Providing home made food is better, and fortification can be a small part of your baby's menu. Meanwhile, the recommendation of vitamins as an additional supplement is also recommended by WHO, nursing mothers are also allowed for vitamin intake. However, the fulfillment of nutrition from the food you serve becomes important for you and your baby. However, if you still need additional vitamins, you can give them if necessary
4. Presenting in the form of fresh and direct food is very safe and beneficial for your baby, this is to prevent damage to nutrients in it and prevent the risk of contamination of food that your baby will consume. This is in accordance with WHO recommendations, which is to serve food immediately after it is cooked or processed. However, if you have to save, keep it in a safe condition and use a place that is easy to wash. For storage, it should be no more than 24 hours, especially those containing meat, eggs, fish; and processed food. We recommend that you set aside a spoon or other tool from the food you want, because it can increase the growth of bacteria. The food you want will require time for thawing, or liquid or food temperature to return to normal. So the food you store can be used for day and night. Changes in temperature and heating can risk damage to nutrients in food, but in general can still be tolerated. Self cooking and served directly will provide security for your baby.
But, again, all this you need to consult with your doctor and clinical nutritionist at the hospital. This is to help you prepare and serve healthy and safe food for your child. And keep in mind, the process of introducing Mpasi is a tiered prosea, so you don't need to worry about singgle food or have to be with full food. You can do a gradual introduction to food from its shape and type until your child is ready with more complex foods. Every child will experience a different response, but staying focused and patient in meeting the needs of the child's diet is very important in this process.

Thus the info we can convey.
thank you

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