My Tongue Is White And I Lost 1kg In One Month, Is It HIV?
Good evening doctor, I want to ask. one month ago I had unprotected sex and I kept thinking until now of what I experienced like my tongue was white and my weight lost 1 kg. Then I searched for what caused my white tongue there was not listed that it is a symptom of HIV. Do I have to have my body checked by a hospital? And if so, how do I talk to people in the hospital? “I want an HIV test”? Thank you, doctor.
Hello Val Redin,
Thank you for using the HealthReplies.com service.
HIV is a viral infection that attacks the human immune system, which is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids, such as sexual intercourse, use of syringes, needle-making tattoos, unsafe blood donors, and others.
Symptoms in people infected with HIV will usually occur after 5-10 years, sometimes even more, depending on the patient's immune system. Therefore, if you suspect that you have been exposed to an infection 1 month ago, if you are infected, usually there are no significant symptoms at this time. On the other hand, the typical symptoms in people with HIV are significant weight loss in a fast time (can reach about 10% of your total body weight, even more), high fever, prolonged diarrhea (more than 14 days, sometimes up to 3 months), fungus in the oral cavity (not limited to the tongue), and prone to other secondary infections, such as flu, tuberculosis, gastroenteritis, etc. The symptoms as you mentioned are not enough to make an HIV diagnosis.
On HIV testing, what can be checked is the level of antibodies in the blood, and not detect the HIV virus itself. Therefore, this examination can only detect these antibodies at least 3 months after the patient is exposed to the virus. If checked beforehand, even though infected, not enough antibodies have been formed to be detected on examination, so that it will produce a false negative value (negative, but actually positive). In some cases, to ensure this is usually done more than once, with a distance of 3-6 months.
I advise you to check yourself about 3 months after you have sex, with a note in that time period there are no other risks that you do, the general practitioner or specialist in internal medicine. In every health facility there is usually a VCT (Voluntary counseling and testing) to consult about problems like this, and for further examination. You can request a room to talk privately with only the doctor, and don't hesitate to share your problem with the treating doctor, because information from the patient is confidentiality and patient rights, and also the doctor's confidentiality which will not be shared with anyone even to the patient's family without permission from the patient.
Thus information from me, hopefully can help. Keep living a normal life with a healthy lifestyle, and always avoid things that can be risky to transmit the disease.