Myoma Treatment During Pregnancy?
Hello, I’m 10 weeks pregnant and apparently there is a myoma about 5cm. Is there a way to prevent the myoma from enlarging until birth? What actually caused the emergence of this myoma? And if the enlarged myoma is possible for normal delivery? I really hope to give birth normally. This is my first pregnancy, so far there is no problem with the pregnancy, I was a little shocked that there was a myoma, because I have never felt pain or any signs of myoma before pregnancy until now. Explanation please. thank you
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Myoma is a benign tumor that grows from uterine muscle cells (myometrium). This disease is vulnerable to be experienced by women aged over 35 years, who are overweight, have no children, are accustomed to smoking, or also consume foods high in fat and low in antioxidants. If the size is still small, often the myoma does not show typical symptoms. Only after the size is enlarged, sufferers may experience abdominal or pelvic cramps, abnormal vaginal bleeding, to fertility disorders.
Having a myoma during pregnancy is not always dangerous. If the size of the myoma is small and its location does not interfere with the fetus or placenta, often there is no specific treatment that needs to be done besides increasing the number of breaks, limiting sexual relations involving vaginal penetration, and exercising regular pregnancy control to evaluate the condition of the pregnancy as well as the development of the myoma. As your fetus develops, most myomas (70-90%) will shrink in size. However, if your myoma size is enlarged or close to the fetus and placenta, then this can indeed have an impact on your pregnancy, for example, can make an abnormal fetal position (breech or cross), the placenta is detached from attachment (abusive placenta), recurrent bleeding ( to a high risk of anemia), or trigger excessive uterine contractions (so the risk of miscarriage or premature birth).
Therefore, the one who knows your exact condition is actually an obstetrician who examines you directly. Consult with him regarding the best steps that need to be done. It is not impossible that a mother with myoma can give birth normally, provided there are no other complications. However, in myomas that are quite large, irritating to the fetus or placenta, or accompanied by other complications, often the doctor will recommend a cesarean section, so that the myoma can be removed at the same time during labor.
Hope this helps.