Need Tetanus Injection After Falling From A Motorcycle?
Hello, now I am 5 months pregnant and I have just fallen from a motorbike and there is a fairly large wound in the thigh, do I need tetanus injection? thank you
Hello. Good afternoon. Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com
Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria that usually enters through wounds on the skin. The symptoms experienced are stiffness and tension in the whole body, can be accompanied by fever, dizziness, palpitations, failure to breathe, difficulty swallowing, even to the point of loss of consciousness.
Tetanus can be prevented by administering a tetanus vaccine that is carried out programmatically and has become a program of the Ministry of Health to be given routinely since infancy and then should be given a booster dose (additional every 10 years) since the routine immunization schedule. And the administration of anti-tetanus serum (ATS) given to someone who has a dirty wound, contaminated by feces or saliva, deep wounds, stab wounds, binatnag bites, burns, wounds due to cold air. ATS is given shortly after the injury.
By analogy, ATS is a vanguard that has complete equipment so that it immediately combats toxins produced by bacteria while the tetanus vaccine is a force that is still trained to be strong in this case is triggering immune cells to produce defenses against bacteria so it is important to be given routinely to trigger immune cells have a good introduction to bacteria.
Pregnant women are recommended by the world health organization to get a vaccine in which the goal is immune cells that are formed by the mother in preparation for delivery and some are also transmitted to the fetus for natural protection. The schedule for tetanus vaccine given to pregnant women with the recommendation of the health ministry is
- Vaccine 1 - done immediately
- Vaccine 2 - pause 1 month after vaccine 1
- Vaccine 3 - pause 6 months after vaccine 2
- Vaccine 4 - pause 12 months after vaccine 3
- Vaccine 5 - pause 12 months after vaccine 4
When running in full based on research someone already has protection against tetanus> 25 years.
When the vaccine has been received, if the wound condition is clean, the vaccine gap is <10 years given compared to the current wound, so there is no need to increase the vaccine dose, if> 10 years the vaccine needs to be given. Whereas in a dirty, deep, or contaminated wound condition at a gap of <5 years, no need to increase the dose but> 5 years need to increase the dose.
In the condition of the wound should be examined by a doctor to assess whether the wound is included in the criteria of clean or dirty so that the administration of vaccine and anti-tetanus serum can be in accordance with the indications. For further consultation, you can consult with a gynecologist or internist.
Further information: tetanus vaccine in pregnancy
Thus the information we can convey. May be useful. Thank you