Non-Reactive VCT Results?
I had sex at risk (without safety) about 2 years ago. and since then until now never again. after a few weeks ago I had a VCT test at a hospital in Jakarta, the results were Non-Reactive. and be asked for another test for the next 6 months. Can the VCT result be inaccurate, so should I have another test in the next 6 months? What does the VCT include? and if HIV attacks the immune system resulting in decreased platelets, erythrocytes, hemoglobin as well as leukocytes, is there any difference with non-HIV disease that has symptoms of decreased blood cells like the above? if for the next 6 months, I keep to live healthy No Free Sex, No Drugs etc., whether the results of the second test results will be Non-Reactive ?
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HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that can weaken the body's immune system, especially CD4 cells, which are lymphocyte cells that are included in white blood cells. The HIV virus will cause a person to suffer from AIDS, which is a collection of symptoms that occur due to HIV virus infection. When a person experiences HIV infection, the component of blood that decreases is CD4 cells. Therefore, there is a quantitative CD4 cell examination that is useful for assessing the severity of the disease and the risk of other superinfection. A decrease in the blood component is generally experienced by people with AIDS who have had concomitant infections and the severity of the disease that tends to be serious.
HIV can be transmitted easily from sexual relations, syringes that are used repeatedly, from mother to the fetus in the womb, and from consumables used by HIV sufferers through injuries that occur. The most common HIV transmission media are from patient fluids, including seminal fluid, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid and patient blood. The virus is not transmitted through water, food, kisses, pets, mosquitoes / insects and shared toilets.
When the virus enters the body and begins to attack the immune system, mild symptoms such as cough and flu in general are often felt. In addition, other symptoms such as shortness of breath, lung infections, chronic diarrhea / more than 14 days, the body feels more weak and limp, sprue that does not heal, etc.
Known as the term window on HIV infection. The window period is a period of virus development, starting when the virus first enters the body to cause an infection that triggers the formation of HIV antibodies. At that time also the process of formation of virus antibodies that can be detected by examination. Generally the window of HIV ranges from 6-12 weeks, or about 3 months from the last exposure. Estimated time varies from person to person, some are fast and some are slower. Therefore, an examination to detect HIV antibodies is done at least 3 months after exposure / risky relationship occurs, if the results are negative then it needs to be repeated to confirm the results. VCT (voluntary counseling and testing) is an HIV examination in people who are at risk, and is voluntary and highly confidential. There are a series of tests on this examination, namely pre-examination counseling-examination blood-post-examination counseling. VCT test is done at the end of the window / 3 months after having a risky relationship and if the result is negative / non-reactive then the examination is repeated again for a minimum period of 3 months thereafter. Non-reactive results do not mean inaccurate, but it is possible at that stage someone is experiencing a window period or is not currently in the virus infection.
At the time the next test is carried out, despite efforts to have a healthy life and avoid HIV risk factors, if the antibodies have formed from the beginning then the results will be reactive or remain non-reactive. Once again, non-reactive results do not mean that there are no infections. Therefore, VCT tests should be done regularly, to determine the risk of transmission of the disease.
The following tips can be done to prevent transmission from HIV infection:
Using a condom as a personal protective device against sexually transmitted infections. Not changing partners. Do not use interchangeable needles and not have same-sex contact. Checking with the nearest health care provider is highly recommended for more complete and relevant information and early detection of the virus. So much information that I can convey, hopefully it helps