Normal Fetal Weight In Pregnant Women With Diabetes?
Hello Doctor …
Hello, Arventari Putri, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
First, you must know whether you have previously had diabetes or have just had diabetes after becoming pregnant. If you have diabetes after becoming pregnant, you may have gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that only occurs during pregnancy and only lasts until childbirth occurs. Gestational diabetes, if not handled properly, can increase the risk for both the mother and the fetus. In the mother, there can be an increased risk of preeclampsia / eclampsia, an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes in a subsequent pregnancy, or an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus after a certain period of time. Meanwhile, the fetus can be prone to experiencing macrosomia (too large a baby), premature birth, hypoglycemia birth (blood sugar is too low) which can cause seizures, to diabetes or obesity (overweight) as an adult.
Estimated Fetal Weight (EFW) or estimated fetal weight is needed to detect whether the fetus is developing according to gestational age and to anticipate the risks that may occur during delivery. For example, if the EFW is too big, then the baby is at high risk of having difficulty being born normally, so the right method will be prepared for the birth process.
For 13-15 weeks of gestation, the normal EFW is 50-85 grams. Check again whether your fetal EFW is 59.7 grams or 597 grams. If 59.7 grams is still within normal limits, but if 597 grams, consult your obstetrician again.
For pregnant women who have been diagnosed with diabetes, what can be done so that pregnancy runs smoothly, for healthy mothers, and healthy babies are:
1. Adjust your diet, you should replace carbohydrate sources with complex carbohydrates and those that contain lots of fiber, for example brown rice, whole wheat bread, or oats. Keep consuming other nutrients that are important for pregnancy. Consult the diet problem (regarding the type, amount, frequency of eating) this on a nutritionist.
2. Routine control (ANC) to the doctor or midwife to monitor fetal development and your health.
3. Exercise for pregnant women.
4. Avoid stress.
5. Get enough rest.
That's all, hopefully it's useful.
Greetings, dr. Sarah Rizqia.