Not Complete Immunization When Mature.?
Hello, I am 20 years old now, my parents used to say that my immunization was incomplete when I was a child. Do I have to immunize again? If so, how do you check which immunizations have been done or not? Can I endanger the people around me? thanks.
Good evening Gen, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
To answer your question, it really depends on what type of vaccine you haven't gotten as a child.
For adults who have never been routinely tetanus and diphtheria, it is recommended to give three doses (primary series) (DPT), each of which is at least 4 weeks apart, followed by booster doses every 10 years. This vaccine can cause side effects (but not always) such as bruising around injections and fever after vaccination.
If the status of poly vaccination in adults has not been obtained or is unclear, adults are also advised to get a series of polio vaccines: 3 doses with vaccine distances I and II 4-8 months, and vaccine distances II and III 6-12 months. It is also advisable if you go to a country with active polio status or interact with people with polio
Then, for the hepatitis B vaccine, if you have never gotten a hepatitis B vaccine before, you can get it at any time. It is more recommended if you have risk factors such as living in an area where hepatitis B is high, medical or paramedical staff, and so on.
For measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccines, each person is required to get the MMR vaccine at least once in his lifetime, generally obtained during childhood. If you haven't received it, you can get vaccinated at any time. Some adults who are at risk of exposure to MMR may need 2 doses of MMR that are spaced apart for several weeks. This vaccine can be repeated once every 10 years.
In addition, other vaccines outside the national program are also recommended for adults such as:
Meningokok vaccine (compulsory for prospective Umrah pilgrims or adults who go to other countries, and also recommended for people with low immunity), generally the doctor will recommend that you get a meningokok vaccine every 3 years if you are a person with the above risk factors. Influenza vaccine: preferably in older people> 50 years, residents of nursing homes, kidney failure, people with HIV, people with heart disease, people with chronic lung disease with diabetes. Ideally the influenza vaccine is given 1 time a year before the start of the flu season. Pneumococcal vaccine: a vaccine that is recommended to prevent diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. The CDC recommends 2 pneumococcal vaccines for seniors> 65 years old, suffering from cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, sufferers of lung and liver disease. Initially you will be given a dose of PCV13 first, then PPSV23 is a minimum of 1 year. if you have received a PPSV23 dose, the PCV13 dose must be given at least 1 year after getting the latest PPSV23. Chickenpox vaccine: for those who have never had chickenpox: consists of 2 doses given 4-8 weeks apart, can be given at any time. Hepatitis A vaccine: can be repeated once every 10 years HPV vaccine: in men can prevent venereal warts and be given 3 doses. Vaccination does not only provide immunity for individuals but also the population (herd immunity) because it is related to the decline in the possibility of the risk of transmission to the community, so it is advisable to fulfill vaccination recommendations according to schedule or to catch-up as written above.
All of our suggestions and answers, hopefully useful, good afternoon.