Overcoming Chronic Insomnia?
I have been suffering from insomnia for almost 1 year … please how do I deal with it and which drugs can I take and have no side effects?
Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by the following characteristics:
Complaints are difficult to start sleeping or maintain sleep or sleep quality is not sound The existence of continuous thoughts about "not being able to sleep" and keep thinking about the consequences throughout the day Disorders occur at least 3 times a week for at least 1 month Dissatisfaction with the quality and quantity of sleep that causes the patient feels suffering and affects the patient's function in work and social life. There are no sleep duration criteria for insomnia disorders, because each individual has different needs and opportunities for sleep. Insomnia disorders can be accompanied by other mental disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, and so on. The diagnosis of insomnia disorders can be established after the history (the doctor asks a history of complaints to the patient) obtained characteristics that meet all the above criteria and the doctor will ask the patient's habits / sleep schedule. Patients who simply cannot sleep occasionally may not be diagnosed as insomnia.
Insomnia can be caused due to the following factors:
Psychological or biological stress that is being experienced by the patient Consumption of caffeinated beverages can also disturb the quality of sleep Eating too much before going to sleep Changing work schedules Traveling to another country with a time difference Alcohol and cigarette consumption Poor physical activity Poor sleep environment: bright lights, temperature overheating, playing mobile when going to bed Patients diagnosed with insomnia can get the following combination therapies:
Behavioral cognitive therapy Stimulation control therapy aims to eliminate the factors that cause sleeplessness, such as watching late-night movies, playing games, and creating a bed as a place to sleep Relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety, reduce muscle tension, regulate heart rate and breathing rate so that the body is more relaxed and can sleep better. Light box therapy Sleep restriction by avoiding napping or resting time other than nighttime Medication - generally used by the benzodiazepine group to obtain the sedation effect of the drug. Long-term use and large doses are not recommended, because of the risk of causing drug abuse, addiction, drug dose tolerance (the same drug dosage no longer causes any effect, so the patient carelessly increases the drug dose), to severe side effects such as stopping breathing. Other medications that are usually used in patients with insomnia disorders and are given long-term include zolpidem, eszopiclone, and ramelteon. Other drugs, such as some antihistamines, can also cause drowsiness. Therefore it can also be prescribed by doctors for patients who have difficulty sleeping. However, it is still not used for a long time, because every drug must have side effects. And patients often abuse these drugs (buy yourself at the pharmacy, continue prescriptions that should not need to drink, consume not according to the recommended frequency and dosage) which can result in drug dependency. Meanwhile, insomnia must be treated not only with medication but how the patient's mindset of "sleep" itself.
Further consultation about insomnia disorders you can do with a psychiatrist. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.