Pause The Administration Of Opv And Ipv Vaccines In Children?

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Good afternoon, I am a mother. On Tuesday last week my child got the DPT-HB-HiB 3 (pentabio) and polio drops (OPV) vaccines, but because the IPV vaccine ran out, no injection of Polio vaccine was carried out. Based on the immunization schedule given by IDAI, the IPV vaccine should be given at least once together with OPV. What I ask if IPV is not given together with OPV? and is there a maximum lag between the OPV and IPV vaccines? Thank you in advance .

1 Answer:

Good morning, thanks for asking at HealthReplies.com. Polio is a disease caused by a virus that is highly contagious and attacks the nervous system. In severe cases, this disease can cause difficulty breathing, paralysis and even death.


One way to prevent this disease is to do the polio vaccine. Polio vaccine is divided into two types, namely OPV (oral) and IPV (injection / injection). The difference between the two vaccines is the OPV vaccine because it is administered by mouth, providing immunity to both the blood and the intestines. While IPV due to injection, only provides immunity through blood. If a child is only given the IPV vaccine, if there is a wild polio virus that enters through food, for example, the virus can still multiply in the intestine, even though the child will not get sick because there is immunity in the blood. However, this virus can spread in the feces to other children and cause paralysis, which is why both the IPV and OPV vaccines are equally important and must be given.


Regarding your question, according to IDAI, indeed, the best time to give IPV is simultaneously with DPT3 and OPV3, because at this time the state of antibodies or body resistance that the baby has from its mother while still in the womb reaches its weakest point so that by giving IPV at that time, will provide the most optimal immunity. However, in the case of the delay in giving the polio vaccine, IDAI also said that if the polio immunization is late, it must always be continued and completed according to the next schedule, no matter what distance the delay is from the previous administration. So it is better if IPV is given on the next schedule and there is no maximum lag.


Even so, we still recommend that you communicate this again with the pediatrician to avoid misunderstanding. That's all we can say, I hope you and your family are always healthy.


dr. Amadeo D. Basfiansa

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