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Hello, Marsha Akilah, thanks for asking HealthReplies.com.
Please note, that normal human urination ranges from 4-10 times a day. Normally, the volume of urine released by humans who consume approximately 2 liters of water per day is 800-2000 mL. The frequency and volume of urine depends on several factors:
1. Lots of water to drink
2. The type of drink you drink, for example drinking substances that contain diuretics such as coffee, alcohol, soda, chocolate can increase urinary frequency
3. Use of diuretic drugs such as in people with heart disease
5. Certain medical conditions, for example: diabetes, urinary tract infection (UTI), hypo / hypercalcemia (calcium imbalance in the body), prostate enlargement, pregnancy, etc.
6. Bladder size
If this does not interfere with daily activities, there is no need to worry. However, if it is bothersome, and is accompanied by other complaints such as: abdominal / back pain, anyang-anyangan, pain when urinating on the genitals, feel like urinating but the urine that comes out only drips or doesn't come out, sandy / bloody urine, fever, frequent urination at night to interfere with sleep, then you can immediately consult a doctor. The doctor will conduct in-depth interviews about matters related to symptoms, carry out a direct physical examination, and perform supporting examinations such as urine analysis, blood sugar tests, to imaging examinations (for example: ultrasound, x-rays), so that it can be known whether the complaint is is normal or is a symptom of a disease such as diabetes, UTI, or those already mentioned above.
What can be done to prevent worsening are:
1. Limit / avoid drinks that contain caffeine (coffee, tea), soda, and alcohol.
2. Consumption of lots of foods that contain probiotics which are good for digestive health and urinary tract.
3. Stay adequate daily fluid needs, at least 2 liters of water a day.
4. Wear pants / clothes that are not too tight.
5. Maintain cleanliness of the genitals (rinse with clean water from front to back after every time after urinating and having sex, dry properly, avoid wearing underwear that doesn't absorb sweat, avoid wearing feminine soaps, especially those with fragrance)
6. Avoid cigarettes and artificial sweeteners (because they can increase the risk of irritation to the bladder).
That's all, hopefully it's useful.
Greetings, dr. Sarah Rizqia.