Physiological Factors Hyperemesis Gravidarum?

Illustration of Physiological Factors Hyperemesis Gravidarum?
Illustration: Physiological Factors Hyperemesis Gravidarum? teachmeobgyn.com

Hello … I want to ask how is the physiological factor of hyperemesis?

1 Answer:

Hello Zulha,


Thank you for the question.

Nausea, normal vomiting during pregnancy can occur due to the influence of hormonal changes. However, if nausea and vomiting occur very massively, causing very little or no intake of fluids and nutrients that enter the mother's body, of course this condition should not be considered trivial. Because, the fetus in your cage needs a lot of fluids and nutrients to support its development. Not only that, in order to stay healthy and be able to work well during pregnancy, you also must get adequate fluids and nutrients from your diet. Massive nausea, vomiting during pregnancy is what is called hyperemesis gravidarum.


Physiology refers to terms that describe the normal processes that occur in the body. Hyperemesis gravidarum is not exactly considered a physiological condition, but rather includes pathological abnormalities. This condition occurs mainly due to a drastic increase in the hormone beta chorionic gonadotropin (beta hCG) and estrogen during pregnancy which causes decreased sensitivity to nausea. Women who experience twin or grape pregnancy are far more at risk of experiencing a drastic increase in these two hormones. Not only that, hyperemesis gravidarum is strongly suspected to also be associated with gastrointestinal peristaltic dysfunction, hypersensitivity to the vestibular and olfactory systems, fat profile abnormalities, infections (especially by H. pylori bacteria that often cause gastric and duodenal ulcers), hypersensitivity to the vestibular and olfactory systems, mental pressure, certain biochemical changes, to genetic factors (heredity).


That's all our explanation. To get a more complete explanation related to the pathophysiology of the occurrence of hyperemesis gravidarum, we recommend that you multiply reading medical literature or journals.


I hope this helps.

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