Plaque, Caries, And Tartar?

Illustration of Plaque, Caries, And Tartar?
Illustration: Plaque, Caries, And Tartar? Bing

Hello, doctor. I want to ask what is the difference between plaque, caries and tartar? And how to prevent this disease? Thank you,.

1 Answer:

Hi Rani,

Dental plaque is a deposit that forms on the teeth due to food residue and protein mixed with bacteria in the mouth. If the teeth are not cleaned regularly then dental plaque can absorb the phosphorus and calcium contained in the saliva so that the plaque becomes hardened. Plaque that is allowed to accumulate for a long time and hardens over time will form tartar. When tartar is formed, the tartar can only be cleaned by a dentist by scaling.

Keep in mind that the presence of tartar can trigger various dental and gum health problems such as gingivitis, periodontitis (soft tissue and bone damage due to severe gum infection), increasing the risk of tooth loss, and triggering a stroke or heart attack.

The presence of tartar can also cause tooth decay due to the activity of bacteria in it. This condition can lead to the formation of dental caries, which is a hole in the tooth that arises due to food residue and sugar which is converted into acid by bacteria so that it damages the tooth coating.

To prevent the occurrence of dental plaque, tartar and dental caries, the following suggestions can be done:

Maintain health and hygiene of teeth and mouth
Brush your teeth regularly, especially after eating and before going to bed
Use toothpaste that contains fluoride
Gargle with antibacterial mouthwash
Use dental floss to clean food stuck between your teeth
Drink enough water at least 2 liters a day
Avoid chewing with only one side of the tooth
Reduce consumption of drinks and foods that contain flour and high sugar content
Check your dental health to the dentist at least every 6 months

Related topics can be read on the following pages:

How to remove plaque on teeth
Causes of tartar and how to prevent it
Remove tartar by scaling
Prevent dental caries now

Hope it is useful,

dr. Muliani Sukiman

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