Possibility Of Adolescent Diabetes Mellitus?
Can teenagers get diabetes, and are the symptoms the same as those experienced by those aged over 40, if it does, what type of diabetes is it?
diabetes mellitus or diabetes (please distinguish it from diabetes insipidus), is a disease characterized by chronic or persistent high blood sugar levels. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) itself is divided into 2 types, namely DM type 1 and type 2. Type 1 DM is caused by the pancreas not functioning properly in producing insulin (absolute insulin deficiency), while for type 2, the pancreas produces insulin which cannot work properly in producing insulin. metabolize glucose, which is also accompanied by a decrease in the quantity of insulin itself. DM that occurs before the age of 40 is usually type 1 diabetes, most of which is caused by genetic factors, where type 2 which also has genetic factors only becomes diabetes when accompanied by a bad lifestyle. Because type 1 DM has absolute insulin deficiency or deficiency, the manifestations can be more severe, such as DKA or dehydration due to lack of fluids due to continuous fluid loss because blood sugar levels are too high in the blood because there is no insulin that metabolizes it. In addition, type 1 diabetes tends to be experienced by thin people, because even though their lifestyle is good, there is no food intake that is stored in the body. In contrast to type 2 diabetes, which is dominated by obese people due to the wrong diet and lifestyle.
The treatment is also different, where in type 1 DM, the only drug of choice is regular insulin administration via subcutaneous injections that are carried out every day for the rest of his life. Type 1 diabetes has complications that can be more threatening than type 2 diabetes, especially if the treatment is delayed. Therefore, if a person experiences symptoms that lead to DM, especially those of type 1, they should check with a doctor regularly and undergo regular treatment. Here we attach an article about type 1 DM. Hopefully it will be useful.
dr. N. K. Arief